To earn her Horsemanship Merit Badge, girlfriend must complete the needs specified through the boy Scouts the America. There room 11 requirements and also while us can’t promise you’ll be able to do them in one visit – we’ll execute our finest to complete the speak requirements.

You are watching: 15 main parts of a horse

We’ve produced a study guide to aid you through the written component of the test. Over there are 4 main categories; if you study up top top the Safety, equine Information, and Horse maintenance – us can emphasis on the horseback riding component of the test below at mountain Creek!


1. Describe the safety precautions you must take when handling and also caring because that a horse.

The first step in safety is always to stay the appropriate gear! ideal footwear (boots), helmets, gloves (for handling and also riding to prevent rope burn), and pants should be worn at all times. Safety doesn’t begin in the ring; it begins at the barn door.

Safety way remaining vigilant.

If you open a gate, nearby that gate as quickly as you’re through.Announce your presence about horses and don’t go behind them. Remember horses can’t see directly in prior or straight behind themselves.Horses are constantly a flight risk, meaning they will certainly run if scared. Lock are strong animals so always lead steed with a command rope however DO not wrap the command rope approximately hand or command by the halter. If a equine is going to run, you will certainly not be able to stop it. Don’t danger torn ligaments or a dislocated shoulder by wrapping the lead around your hand.Use rapid release clips and knots. If a equine is trying to run and is attached to something, they have the right to seriously injure us if you cannot detach them fast enough.Remember: loosen prior to unsaddling. Unsaddling a equine right away have the right to lead come girth bumps.In the heat, remember not to bathe them and do not offer them water ideal after riding castle hard.Make certain make certain tack/equipment fits properly. The right is not simply for the horse’s safety but likewise for the rider’s, together poor-fitting devices invites mishaps and attention situations.

2. Describe the fire safety and security precautions you need to take in a barn and around horses.

No smoking cigarettes in the barn!


Beyond that, similar to any great fire to escape plan, you need to know your exits, store them free from clutter, and practice (This way a fire drill with the horses). Also remember, if you can cover the horse’s eye it will certainly be less scared together you command it previous danger.

Horse Information:

1. Name the 15 key parts the a horse. 

MuzzlePoleCrestWithersCroupDockGirthBarrelFlankFetlockHockPasternCoronet BandGaskinStifle

2. Name 4 breeds the horses. Describe the special attributes for which each breed is known.

Quarter Horse – Mostly well-known from appearances in west movies, they space stocky, gentle tempered, all-purpose horse, American BreedThoroughbred – Most common racehorse, taller and leaner, high-energy, regularly anxious, they prefer to workPaint – Western share (Native American horse), all-around, comparable to a 4 minutes 1 horse, easy health and temperBelgian – draft horse, supplied for pulling mainly, taller than most horses, heavier than most horses, feathers on feet, gentle-giant-chickens, taken into consideration strongest horses in the world
Horse Maintenance

1. Describe the symptoms of colic. Name and also describe four other horse wellness problems.

Colic (Deadly ship Ache) – steeds cannot litter up, for this reason anything the goes in need to come the end the opposite end. Colic is a blockage (of part sort) in the intestinal tract. Indications of colic room not pooping, no gas, no gut sounds, showing indications of uncomfortable (pawing, stomping, laying down and also rolling excessively, biting in ~ stomach, lethargy). It deserve to be fatal if not captured early.

Thrush – is a bacterial epidemic of the sole and also frog that the hoof, frequently found in wet conditions, smells bad, makes the frog the the sole soft and/or crackRainrot – is a fungal infection brought about by gift in elements and also an unbalanced PH level. It have the right to occur all over on the body yet is often on the back. The will appear as scabby/dry/cracked skin and also hair deserve to be matted if it has gone a if untreated.Choke – This occurs when steeds cannot swallow due to the fact that of poor dental care/tooth destruction from life a long time. Just like in humans, choke will reason suffocation (remember though, horses cannot throw up, so choking is even much more dangerous because that them.Moon blindness – officially referred to as “equine recurrent uveitis,” the is an inflammation that uveal street of the eye. It reasons blindness, and also most equines with it shed their eye. That is excruciating for the horse.

2. Define what configuration is and also why the is important. Explain the difference between lameness and unsoundness. 

Conformation is the way a horse’s bones and musculature are built. If a horse’s conformation is bad, it can affect their gait and capability to perform. In extreme examples, poor conformation deserve to mean a steed cannot be offered for certain types of riding.

Lameness is temporary deserve to be resulted in by any variety of things, from wounds to sickness. Unsoundness is permanent, because that instance, if a horse is too old and weak to work-related or is as well wild and crazy come be supplied for riding.

3. Describe the importance of hoof care and also why a horse can need come wear shoes.


Horses stay shoes when extra foot protection is needed. Some horses’ feet room tougher 보다 others, and they may not require them, yet if they are in challenging terrain, they may still need shoes. They may likewise wear pair of shoes to correct conformation or have special shoes for road equines (borium/drill tech) or race equines (which wear irradiate aluminum shoes).

4. Define how to identify what and also how much to feed a horse and why the amount and also kind of feed are readjusted according to the activity level and the each other of horse.

Horses can be fed:

GrassHay (cut dried grass for winter)Grain (oats, barley, etc.)

Horses that are on grass don’t need grain unless they space old and/or really active, Hay is because that grass instead of if you room not maybe to put your steed on grass since of weather or simply place restraints. Steeds must be fed top top a regime schedule, and also you should pick the amount and feed kind based on activity level, breed, and also age.

The quantity is adjusted to keep the temperament the the equine in check. Low task horses and also low power breeds need to be fed lower sugar/carbohydrate meals to ensure they carry out not come to be “hot”; this ax is used when they have actually an excess of energy and become aggressive/rambunctious.

Horse Riding

1. Demonstrate how come groom a horse, consisting of picking hooves and also caring for a steed after a ride.

We can show you this at mountain Creek talk Stable.

2. Carry out the following:

i) name 10 parts of the saddle and also bridle that you will certainly use, and also explain how to treatment for this equipment.


BitCurb ChainThroat LatchNose BandReinsHalterHornPummelStirrupCantle

ii) display how to saddle and also bridle a equine properly.

We can present you this at hill Creek riding Stable.

iii) demonstrate how to mount and also dismount a steed safely.

We can present you this at hill Creek speak Stable.

3. Explain and demonstrate exactly how to approach and lead a horse safely indigenous a stall, corral, or field and also how to tie the steed securely.

Make sure to approach from the side and front so they have the right to see you. Walk in between the head and left shoulder (always top top the left!), make sure to be the “leader” at every time (you space walking the horse, no the other method around). Usage a halter and lead rope, do no lead by reins if bridled. Once you have actually the bridle on and also the command rope attached, remain vigilant for potential spook hazards.

Once you with your destination make certain to tie them to the post ~ above the fence no the rail that the fence. Lock must also be tied to a irreversible structure no something they can drag v them if they spook. As well, make sure to use rapid release clip OR knot, never ever tie castle by the reins!

4. On level ground, continuously carry out the adhering to movements ~ safely mounting the horse. Do them correctly, at ease, and in harmony with the horse.

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i) go the horse in a directly line because that 60 feet.