Impact force formulas us used above describe suitable collision in between two objects. In the real instance of a auto crash, the file of force throughout the accident can be an ext extensive - e.g., you need to take right into account that vehicle collapses and also that a human being is not a point mass however a complicated body. However, you can still make some estimations of influence force during a vehicle crash.
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Take a look at the photo below. At first, the driver sit in the car that is in constant motion v a speed v. Then, a car hits the tree and immediately stops. The driver paris forward due to the inertial force until he is stopped suddenly by the affect on the steering column or windshield. The avoiding distance is very short since none the the colliding objects (including body and, e.g., windshield) space contractible enough. We deserve to estimate it come be around 4 cm (you can readjust it in the advanced mode the this influence force calculator).
The main task of chair belts and airbags is the same. Lock both extend the distance of the collision. Assume that we"ve acquired the same case as before. The 70 kg driver drives a automobile with a rate of 30 km/h, but this time, he is firmly hosted in chair belt harness. The seat belt will certainly stretch a tiny bit when the affect force is applied. We can say that it can expand by around 20 cm (you can readjust it in the progressed mode that this influence force calculator).
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To amount up, the chair belt is draft to protect against your human body from hitting tough things in the car and also reduce the impact force you experience by spreading it the end over a time. The chair belt might occasionally contribute to severe inner injury or even fatality if the affect force is also big. However, nowadays seat belts have a mechanism that division them in ~ a predefined level that stress. Usually, there are still airbags put in former of the driver in order to rise their safety.
We have made an instance with the driver, but any person in the auto is based on these dangers. If you crash v a hefty truck, that doesn"t issue whether you sit behind the wheel or at the ago seat of the car. Also in the low-speed collisions, the affect force which stops her body is in the range of tonnes. You merely won"t have the ability to hold on and prevent injury without fastened chair belts. Moreover, if you sit in ~ the earlier of the car and you aren"t constrained through a chair belt, you will certainly fly directly ahead choose a boulder of several tonnes. You will certainly not just hurt yourself but additionally your friend in front of you!