After patriots tore under the statue of King George III in new York City top top July 9, 1776, lock melted parts of it down and made bullets to use against the British.

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It is impossible to recognize the exact variety of American homesteaders who favored or opposed independence.

For year it was widely thought that one 3rd favored the Revolution, one third opposed it, and one third were undecided. This stems indigenous an calculation made by john Adams in his personal writings in 1815.

Historians have due to the fact that concluded the Adams was referring to American perspectives toward the French Revolution, not ours. The current thought is that about 20 percent of the homesteaders were Loyalists — those whose continued to be loyal come England and King George. Another tiny group in state of percentage were the devoted patriots, for whom there was no alternate but independence.

On the Fence

Often overlooked are the fence-sitters who made up the largest group.

With so plenty of Americans undecided, the war came to be in good measure a battle to win famous support. If the patriots might succeed in offering their principles of transformation to the public, then famous support can follow and also the British would be doomed.

In "Common Sense," cutting board Paine said for freedom from Britain and the development of a autonomous republic. Its publication in January 1776 immediately included fuel to the patriots" cause.

Even with armed forces victory, it would have been impossible for the Crown to restore the allegiance of the people. Revolution would just flare up at a later on date.

The British taken the need to entice American renowned support for the parent country, together well. Some colonists who were not encouraged by the political battle joined the british for personal gain or army glory. Some joined out of sheer loyalty to the Crown — they still thought themselves loyal British citizens. There were also many American farmers ready to offer their products to the British for profit.

In the lengthy run, however, the patriots were much more successful attracting support. American patriots winner the battle of propaganda. Committees that Correspondence persuaded many fence-sitters to join the patriot cause. Works such as thomas Paine"s "Common Sense" stirred newfound American nationalism.


Excerpt that "Common Sense"

IN the adhering to pages I market nothing more than simple facts, level arguments, and also common sense: and have no various other preliminaries to work out with the reader, than that he will certainly divest self of prejudice and prepossession, and also suffer his reason and also his feelings to identify for themselves that he will put on, or quite that he will certainly not put off, the true character of a man, and generously enlarge his views past the existing day ...

The Sun never shined top top a reason of better worth. "Tis not the to work of a City, a County, a Province, or a Kingdom; however of a Continent — the at least one-eighth part of the habitable Globe. "Tis not the problem of a day, a year, or one age; posterity are virtually associated in the contest, and also will be much more or less impacted even come the finish of time, by the proceedings now. Now is the seed-time of continental union, faith and also honour. The the very least fracture currently will be choose a surname engraved v the allude of a pin on the soft rind that a young oak; the wound would enlarge through the tree, and posterity check out in it full grown characters.

– cutting board Paine, "Common Sense" (1776)


The American change not only separated neighbors and also friends, that devastated plenty of families, including the Franklins. William Franklin, pictured here, a Loyalist, rarely, if ever, speak to his Patriot dad Ben after ~ the war.
Patriots subjected Loyalists to public humiliation and also violence. Numerous Loyalists found their residential or commercial property vandalized, looted, and burned. The patriots controlled public discourse. Woe come the citizen that publicly proclaimed sympathy to Britain.

Families were sometimes divided over the revolution. Benjamin Franklin"s son, William, a Loyalist branch of new Jersey, supported the british effort during the war.

What occurred to the Loyalists?

In the end, countless Loyalists merely left America. Around 80,000 of them fled come Canada or Britain during or just after the war. Due to the fact that Loyalists were often wealthy, educated, older, and also Anglican, the American social towel was altered by your departure. American history brands them together traitors. But most were simply trying to keep the lifestyles to which they had end up being accustomed. After ~ all, background is always written by the winners.


Plain Truth: A Loyalist Pamphlet
Loyalists, too, had their eloquent writers. "Plain Truth" was created in solution to thomas Paine"s "Common Sense." James Chalmers" blazing language chides Paine"s revolutionary enthusiasm because that being quick sighted, pointing out in the finish that "independence and also slavery are synonymous terms." check out his scathing pamphlet.

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Betsy Ross and the American Flag
Betsy Ross, credited with sewing the first American flag, is among the foremost mrs patriots. This site has actually a biography, a online tour of she house, directions because that making a five-pointed star, and much more. Don"t miss out on the American flag picture gallery or the timeline. Take some time to enjoy this jam-packed website native yellowcomic.com.
Spy mechanism 1777
Clark. Man Clark. It doesn"t have actually the exact same ring come it together the surname of the fictional British spy 007, but major John Clark Jr. Of Pennsylvania detailed the Continental military with top-secret, beneficial information.
Thomas Hutchinson and the Loyalists
Like many active Loyalists, thomas Hutchinson incurred the wrath that patriots. Declaration such as "It is much better to submit to part abridgement that our rights , than to break turn off our link with our protector, England" often made that a target the violence. Throughout the rubber stamp Act riots, Hutchinson"s house was shed to the ground. This quick PBS site tells his tale.

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United empire Loyalists
Both during and after the American Revolution, countless Loyalists left America come live in Canada. This website native the United realm Loyalists" association of Canada explains the Loyalists who left the American swarms during this period.

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The Committee that Correspondence: moving Toward Independence
What Samuel Adams began in Massachusetts v the Committees of Correspondence conveniently spread to various other colonies. This Archiving at an early stage America website examines the breakthrough of this patriotic company in Virginia and its duty in the American Revolution. The author additionally notes the geographic distinction between patriot and also Loyalist the came into play.

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James Chalmers and also "Plain Truth"
Not every human being in the American colonies attached themselves to cutting board Paine and a transformation for independence. Marylander James Chalmers spent his revolutionary year defending the brothers cause. His Loyalist sentiment is best exemplified in "Plain Trut
Loyalist Institute
Think Loyalist pride passed away when the treaty of Paris was signed? Think again. This independent website is committed to the Loyalist cause during the American change and has the history, army campaigns, and genealogy that American colonists who stayed loyal to the British. Click on any type of category in the obelisk on the left brings many subheadings with tons of details on that details subject. Some interesting topics include spies, muster rolls, major figures, and also music and also poetry. Primary files from plenty of battles likewise offer a distinctive perspective ~ above the American Revolution.

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