The wonderful literary works was developed in prose, poetry, drama, and grammar. That is the remarkable product the the mechanism of education and also learning.

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The Puranas preserved the traditions, legends, moral codes, religious, and also philosophical principles. They space eighteen in number.

The Smritis room metrical texts containing the rules and also regulations and also laws for the guidance and governance of the society.

Smritis are based on dharmasutras and grihyasutras the Vedic literature. They space written in verse.

Some enhancements and alterations have actually been done to do Smritis perfect to the changing conditions of society.

The commentaries ~ above the Smritis were created after the Gupta period.

The compilation the Ramayana and also Mahabharata to be completed by the fourth century A.D.

Kalidas has written the ideal works in poetry, drama and also in prose. His kavyas such as Meghaduta, Raghuvamsa, and Kumarasambhava, and also dramas such as Abhijnashakuntalam space the finest literary works of this time and also it is considered as the finest even today. This works have been analyzed into numerous languages.


Kalidas adorned the court that Chandragupta-II, the king that Ujjayini, that was famous as Vikramaditya.

Inscriptions as Source


A couple of inscriptions the the duration are −

The Allahabad pillar inscription composed through Harisen;

Mandsor inscription composed through Vatsabhatt; and

Junagarh absent inscription, Mehrauli tower inscription, Aihole engraving composed by Ravikriti.

These all engravings (listed above) consist most of the attributes features of Sanskrit kavya.

The most notable in the field of drama were Bhasa, Sudraka, Kalidas, and Bhavabhuti.

Mrichchakatika (written by Sudraka), is taken into consideration one that the finest plays of ancient India. This play is around the love that a Brahman with the beautiful daughter of a courtesan.

Vishakhadatta had actually written two plays, namely Mudrarakshasa and also Devichandraguptam.

Famous plays created by Kalidas room Malavikagnimitram, Abhijnanashakuntalam, and Vikramorvasiyam.

Uttararama-charita and Malati-Madhava were written by Bhavabhuti.

Panchatantra, composed by Vishnu Sharma, is just one of the most well known works of this period. That was analyzed into Persian and also Arabic in the 8 hours century A.D. And also has been translated into nearly all europe languages by the time.

The well-known work Hitopadesa is based on the Panchatantra.

Harshacharita is the biography of Harsha written by Banabhatta. It is an excellent work of the period.

The advance of Sanskrit grammar (based on Panini and also Patanjali) was additionally seen in this period.

Bhartrihari composed 3 Shatakas. The had additionally written a commentary on the Mahabhasya of Patanjali.

The compilation of the Amarakosha through Amarasimha is memorable job-related of this period. Amarasimha was a well-known personality in the court of Chandragupta II.

The Prakrit was popular language the the Gupta duration (as it to be earlier).

The Svetambara Jain canon have actually been composed in Ardha-Magadhi Prakrit.

The religious texts that the Digambara Jain (of southern India) were written in the Maharashtri and also Sauraseni Prakrits.

The commentaries ~ above Buddhist messages were composed in Pali.

‘Prakritaprakasha’ composed by Vararuchi and ‘Prakritalakshana’ created by Chanda room the well-known grammar functions on Prakrit and Pali language.

‘Katyayanaprakarna’ is a Pali grammar book.

Foreign Accounts


Fa-Hien, the Chinese pilgrim with four other monks, concerned India during the power of Chandragupta II.

Fa-Hien pertained to India through land course via main Asia and also Kashmir and traveled across north India.

Fa-Hien remained three years at Patliputra and also here the learned the Sanskrit language.

Fa-Hien to be interested only in Buddhism; however, he offered an idea of basic peace and welfare throughout Gupta’s court.


Hiuen-Tsang, an additional Chinese traveler, saw India during Harsha"s reign. He invested thirteen year in India, in i beg your pardon eight years, he continued to be in Harsha"s kingdom.

Hiuen-Tsang had studied at Nalanda University. The visited assorted Indian kingdoms and mentioned about their condition. His publication “Si-yu-ki” is a precious resource of old Indian history.

Hiuen-Tsang was honoured through Harshavardhana that Kanauj and also Bhaskarvarma that Assam.


I-tsing, a Chinese traveler, pertained to India via sea route. That spent many years in Sumatra and also Sri Vijaya and learned Buddhism.

I-tsing remained at Nalanda because that ten years and studied and also translated buddhist texts.

I-tsing compiled a Sanskrit Chinese dictionary and translated a variety of Sanskrit texts.

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I-tsing mentioned around Buddhist faith as Practised in India. He offered a comprehensive account the Buddhism and general problem of India and also Malaya.