The difference between an easy and compound leaves is because of the determinants like attachment of leaves to the sheet blade and also the presence of lateral bud on the leaf’s axil. Straightforward leaves have the undivided or partly incised sheet blade. Conversely, compound leaves possess a variable variety of leaflets ~ above a solitary leaf blade.

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Simple leaves bear axillary bud at their base, if leaflets of compound leaves lack axillary or lateral bud on your axil. Lock both are typical forms of pipeline in dicot plants.


Leaves constitute crucial part that the shoot system, i m sorry facilitate essential food manufacturing via photosynthesis. Leafs have the right to modify or it is adapted themselves to various environments. But, simple and link leaves space the two far-ranging forms of pipeline classified based on incisions in the sheet lamina.

This short article describes the key differences between the simple and compound leaves, in addition to the to compare chart. Also, girlfriend would get to recognize the definition, types and similarities between the two.

Content: simple Vs link Leaves

Comparison Chart

PropertiesSimple LeavesCompound Leaves
MeaningSimple leaves space the type of leaves whereby each sheet is attached come the key stem via the petioleCompound leaves are the form of leaves where many leaflets are attached to the key stem via rachis
Attachment come the stem’s nodeLeaves are straight attached come the stem’s node via the petioleLeaflets are connected to the stem’s node via a brief stem called the rachis
StipulesPresent at the sheet axilPresent at the junction between petiole and also stem’s node
Lateral budAll the pipeline bear lateral bud at their baseLeaflets do not bear lateral buds at your base
Leaf-blade divisionsLeaf lamina is generally solitary or undivided, but the leaf margins may possess part depressionsLeaf lamina is typically divided into multiple leaflets
Incisions top top the sheet lamina Incisions execute not with the midribIncisions room deep enough to with the midrib
Lamina sizeBroadSmall
Arrangement of leavesArranged in acropetal successionNo together arrangement
SymmetryLeaves develop in one or more planesLeaflets flourish in a one aircraft symmetry
ExamplesOak, banana, mango, maple pipeline etc.Rose, clover, neem, buckeye leaves etc.

Definition of straightforward Leaves

They space the varieties of dicot leaves wherein a single leaf attaches to the stem’s node via petiole. Each sheet bears an axillary bud in ~ its basic or between the junction that the petiole and stem’s node. The sheet margin of straightforward leaves deserve to be entire, lobed and toothed. As we might see in the chart below, the sheet lamina has no divisions.

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However, a midrib might possess couple of incisions or depressions top top a sheet margin that perform not touch the midrib. Mango, banana, Hibiscus and also maple pipeline are examples of an easy leaves.

Definition of link Leaves

They room the creates of dicot leaves wherein clusters of leaves or leaflets affix to the stem’s node via a brief stalk or rachis. The basic of the leaflets does not bear an axillary bud. However, axillary or lateral bud is allocated between the junction that petiole and also stem’s node. The leaf margin of link leaves have the right to be entire, lobed, parted and rolled.

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As we could see in the over diagram, the leaf lamina own a variable variety of leaflets. Thus, a midrib is completely divided because of incisions on a leaf margin upto the midrib. Neem, rose, coriander, buckeye leaves are instances of compound leaves.

Types of basic Leaves

By looking right into the sheet margins, we could likewise classify simple leaves. Sheet margin merely refers come the edge that leaves.

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Entire margin: Here, edge of leaves appear smooth and also complete (without notches and also serrations). Example: Mango leavesLobed margin: Here, edge of leaves consist of many depressions and appear spiky and rounded.Example: Oak leavesToothed margin: Here, the edge of a leaf are notched right into irregular forms. Serrated spare part appear continuous and spicy forward as in apologize leaves. Dentate margins appear consistent and sharp outwards together in chestnut leaves. Lastly, crenated margins appear rounded or scalloped, together in Katsura leaves.

Types of link Leaves

They are generally classified into pinnately and also palmately compound leaves. Prior to proceeding, us must know the simple idea behind this classification. Let us look right into the picture below and understand the difference between the pinnately and palmately compound pipeline by compare them v the pinnately and palmately straightforward leaves.

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A pinnately link leaves kind when an easy unicostate leaves undergo incisions in ~ different points on the rachis. Whereas palmately compound leaves form when divergent multicostate leaves undergo incisions towards a single point or a tip that the petiole.


Based top top the number of times scratch occurs, pinnately link leaves have actually the adhering to subtypes:

Unipinnately imparipinnate: Here, one terminal leaf and also paired leaflets are present, make an odd variety of leaflets.Example: Neem and rose leavesUnipinnately paripinnate: Here, the main rachis comprises paired leaflets without a terminal leaf, do an even variety of leaflets.Example: Tamarind and also Sesbania leavesBipinnated: Here, leaflets appear on the main and second rachis.Example: Acacia and Mimosa leavesTripinnated: Here, leaflets appear on the primary, second and tertiary rachis.Example: Moringa and also Oroxylurn leavesDecompound: sheet is an ext than thrice pinnate together in coriander and carrot leaves.

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Based top top the attachment of leaflets through the petiole, palmately link leaves have the adhering to subtypes:

Unifoliate: in ~ the reminder of the petiole, a solitary leaflet is present.Example: Lemon leavesBifoliate: Here, 2 leaflets unite at the petiole’s apex.Example: Bauhinia leavesTrifoliate: in ~ the guideline of the petiole, three leaflets room present.Example: Oxalis leavesQuadrifoliate: Here, four leaflets unite at the petiole’s tip.Example: Marsilea leavesMultifoliate: Here, much more than 4 leaflets unite at the petiole’s apex.Example: Bombax leaves

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Key distinctions Between straightforward and link Leaves

Simple leaves room the form of leaves where each sheet connects come the main stem via petiole. Oppositely, compound pipeline possess numerous leaflets that affix to the key stem via rachis.Simple pipeline directly attach to the stem’s node via petiole. Vice versa, leaflets indirectly affix to the stem’s node via a quick branch or the rachis.Each simple leaf bears a lateral bud at its base. In contrast, leaflets of compound leaves perform not organize lateral buds at your base.The leaf lamina of straightforward leaves is generally single or undivided, yet the sheet margins might possess some depressions or incisions (not for this reason deep enough to with the midrib). The leaf lamina the compound pipeline has many divisions into many leaflets as result of deep incisions that relocate down the midrib.

SimilaritiesSimple and also compound leaves are usual in dicot plants.Both the creates of leaves carry out the photosynthesis activity.Simple and compound leaves might undergo adaptations and also modifications according to the an altering environment and different habitats.Leaf lamina and also petiole space the usual structures in both varieties of leaves.Both possess bud ~ above a twig.

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Conclusion

Therefore, we might conclude that straightforward leaves possess a solitary leaf blade, either whole or incised (do no touch the mid-rib or petiole). Whereas a compound leaf has actually many incisions on a leaf lamina that relocate down to the rachis or petiole and also ultimately rest the sheet lamina into several segments or leaflets.