element 17 of regular table is Chlorine v atomic number 17, atomic load 35.453. Chlorine, prize Cl, has a Base focused Orthorhombic structure and Yellow color. Chlorine is a halogens element. Trivial name of Chlorine is halogens*. Know everything around Chlorine Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.
Chlorine is a chemical facet with symbol Cl and also atomic number 17. It likewise has a relative atomic massive of 35.5. Chlorine is in the halogen team (17) and is the 2nd lightest halogen adhering to fluorine.
You are watching: Electron configuration for a neutral atom of chlorine
Read key information and also facts around element Chlorine
|group in regular Table||17|
|Group Name||fluorine household|
|period in periodic Table||3|
|Block in regular Table||p-block|
|Melting point||-101.5 °C|
|Boiling point||-34.04 °C|
|Electronic shell Structure||<2, 8, 7>|
How to locate Chlorine on routine Table
Periodic table is arranged by atom number, variety of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is exact same as number of electrons. The atomic number boosts from left to right. Periodic table start at top left ( atom number 1) and ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Thus you can directly look because that atomic number 17 to discover Chlorine on routine table.
Another method to read periodic table and locate an element is by using team number (column) and period number (row). To find Chlorine on routine table look because that cross section of group 17 and period 3 in the modern periodic table.
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Table the Contents
Atomic & orbit Properties
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Compare Chlorine with other elements
The aspect Chlorine was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1774 in Sweden . Chlorine derived its name from the Greek word chloros, an interpretation "greenish yellow"
Chlorine Presence: diversity in Nature and also Around Us
The table below shows the diversity of Chlorine in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.
|variety in universe||1e-06|
|variety in sunlight||8e-06|
|variety in Meteorites||0.00037|
|Abundance in Earth"s tardy||0.00017|
|variety in seas||0.02|
|variety in people||0.0012|
Crystal structure of Chlorine
The solid state framework of Chlorine is Base focused Orthorhombic.
The decision structure have the right to be described in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in 3 dimensional room to type the structure.
Unit cell Parameters
The unit cabinet is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)
and the angles in between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and also gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All feasible symmetric arrangements of corpuscle in three-dimensional room are described by the 230 an are groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are considered distinct.
|space Group surname||Cmca|| |
|an are Group Number||64|
|Crystal structure||Base focused Orthorhombic|
Chlorine Atomic and also Orbital Properties
Chlorine atoms have actually 17 electrons and also the digital shell framework is <2, 8, 7> through Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2.
|Number of electrons (with no charge)||17|
|Number of Protons||17|
|Number that Neutrons||18|
|Shell framework (Electrons per power level)||<2, 8, 7>|
|Valence Electrons||3s2 3p5|
|Oxidation State||-1 1;2;3;4;5;6;7|
|Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||2P3/2|
Shell framework of Chlorine - electron per energy level
Ground State electronic Configuration the Chlorine - neutral Chlorine atomThe floor state electronic configuration that Neutral Chlorine atom is
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Unabbreviated digital configuration the neutral Chlorine
Complete soil state electronic configuration because that the Chlorine atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5
Atomic framework of Chlorine
Chlorine atomic radius is 79 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 99 pm.
|atomic Radius|| |
79 pm (0.79 Å)
|Atomic Volume||11.030802738 cm3|
|Covalent Radius||99 pm (0.99 Å)|
|van der Waals Radius||175 pm|
|spirit Cross ar||35.3 σa/barns|
Atomic Spectrum of Chlorine
Chlorine chemistry Properties: Chlorine Ionization Energies and also electron affinity
The electron affinity of Chlorine is 349 kJ/mol
Ionization power of Chlorine
Refer come table listed below for Ionization energies that Chlorine
Chlorine physics Properties
Refer to listed below table for Chlorine physical Properties
|Molar Volume||11.030802738 cm3|
|bulk Modulus||1.1 GPa|
Hardness the Chlorine - test to measure up of Hardness the Element
Chlorine electrical Properties
Chlorine is Insulator that electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electrical properties of Chlorine
|electric Conductivity||0.01 S/m|
|Resistivity||100 m Ω|
Chlorine Heat and Conduction Properties
|thermal Conductivity||0.0089 W/(m K)|
Chlorine Magnetic Properties
|mass Magnetic Susceptibility||-7.2×10-9|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||-5.11×10-10|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||-2.31×10-8|
Optical properties of Chlorine
Acoustic nature of Chlorine
|rate of Sound||206 m/s|
Chlorine heat Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics
Refer come table below for heat properties that Chlorine
|Melting point||171.6 K (-101.5 °C)|
|Boiling suggest||239.11 K (-34.04 °C)|
|an important Temperature||416.9 K|
Enthalpies the Chlorine
|warmth of combination||3.2 kJ/mol|
|warmth of Vaporization||10.2 kJ/mol|
|heat of combustion||N/A|
Chlorine isotopes - nuclear Properties that Chlorine
Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally occurring Chlorine has actually 2 stable isotope - 35Cl, 37Cl.
Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
|dot Hazard class||N/A|
|NFPA Fire Rating||N/A|
|NFPA wellness Rating||N/A|
|NFPA Reactivity Rating||N/A|
perform of unique identifiers to search the aspect in various chemical registry databases
|CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts organization (CAS)||CAS7782-50-5|