tough,fibrous tissue that forms the outermost extending of bone
compact bonedense hard and also very solid bone that forms the protective outer layer of bones. Aka cortical bone
spongy bonelighter and also not as strong as compact bone. Aka cancellous bone
medullary cavitycentral cavity located in the shaft of long bones whereby it surrounded by compact bones. Red & YELLOW BONE MARROW are STORED
endosteumtissue that lines the medullary cavity
red bone marrowlocated within the spongy bone,manufactures red blood cells, hemoglobin,white blood cells and also thrombocytes
hemopoieticpertaining to the formation of blood cells
yellow bone marrowfunctions together fat storage
cartilagesmooth rubbery blue-white connective tissue that acts together a shock absorber between ones.

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Additionally make up flexible components of the skeleton
articular cartilagecovers the surface of the bones where they come together to type joints
meniscuscurved fibrous cartilage found in part joints such together the knee
diaphysisshaft that a lengthy bone
epiphyseswider end of the lengthy bones
foramenopening in the bone v which blood vessels, nerves, and also ligaments pass
processnormal projection on the surface of a bone that most frequently serves as an attachment because that a muscle/tendon
jointsaka articulations, place of union between 2 or an ext bones
fibrous jointsconsisting that inflexible great of dense connective tissue
fontanellesaka soft spot space normally existing in the skull of a newborn
cartilaginous jointsallow just slight movement & covers bones connected entirely by cartilage
pubic symphysisallows some movement to facilitate childbirth
synovial jointcreated wherein 2 skeleton articulate to permit a selection of motions
ball & socket jointssuch as hips, enable a wide variety of motion in plenty of directions
hinge jointsknees & elbows are synovial joints that allow movement in only 1 direction
synovial capsuleoutermost layer of solid fibrous organization that resembles a sleeve together it surrounds the joint
synovial membranelines the capsule & secretes synovial fluid
synvoial fluidflows within the synovial cavity, acts together a lubricant to make smooth motion of the share possible
ligamentsbands of fibrous tissue that develops joints through connecting one bone to one more bone or by involvement a bone come cartilage
bursafibrous sac the acts together a cushion to ease movement in locations that are subject to friction
axial skeletonprotects the offal of the nervous, respiratory, and also circulatory systems
appendicular skeletonmakes body activity possible
craniumportion of the skull that encloses & protects the brain
suturesjagged fibrous joints that join the cranial skeletal together
frontal boneanterior part of the cranium that forms the forehead
parietal bones2 of the largest bones that the skull. They type most that the roof & upper sides of the cranium
occipital boneforms the back part of the skull & the base of the cranium
external hear meatusthe opened of the outside auditory canal of the external ear
sphenoid boneirregular, wedge shame bone in ~ the base of the skull
ethmoid bonelight spongy bone situated at the roof and also sides the the nose
auditory ossicles3 tiny bones situated in each middle ear
nasal bonesupper component of the bridge of the nose
zygomatic bonesaka cheekbones
maxillary bonesform many of the upper jaw
palatine bonesform the anterior(front) component of the hard palate that the mouth & floor of the nose
lacrimal bonesmake up component of the orbit(socket that the eye) at the within angle
inferior conchaethin scroll-like skeletal that kind part the the internal of the nose
vomer boneforms the base of the nasal septum
mandibleaka jawbone, is the only movable bone in the skull
thoracic cavityaka rib cage, bony structure that protects the love & lungs
ribsaka costals attach posteriorly come the thoracic vertebrae
sternumaka chest bone level dagger shaped bone situated in the middle of the chest
manubriumbony structure that creates the upper portion of the sternum
body of the sternumbony framework that forms the middle section of the sternum
xiphoid processstructure make of cartilage that forms the lower portion of the sternum
pectoral girdlethe shoulders which support the arms & hands
clavicleaka collar bone, is a slim bone that connects the manubrium of the sternum come the scapula
scapulaaka shoulder blade
acromionextension the the scapula that develops the high suggest of the shoulder
humerusbone the the top arm
radiussmaller shorter bone in the forearm,runs up the ignorance side the the forearm
ulnalarger,longer bone of the forearm
olecranon processaka funny bone, is a huge projection on the upper end of the ulna
carpalsbones that type the wrist
metacarpals5 bones that kind the palm of the hand
phalangesare the 14 skeletal of the finger * bones of the toes as well
spinal columnaka vertebral shaft protects the spinal cord & supports the head and also body
vertebrae26 in the spinal column
laminaposterior section of the vertebrae
intervertebral disksmade of cartilage,separate & cushion the vertebrae from each other
cervical vertebraefirst collection of 7 vertebrae and they form the neck
thoracic vertebraeknown as T1 & T12, are the second set the 12 vertebrae
lumbar vertebraeknown together L1-L5, comprise the third set of 5 vertebrae & together form the inward curve of the lower spine
sacrumslightly bent triangular shaped bone near the basic of the spine that forms the lower section of the back
coccyxaka tailbone forms the end of the spine & is in reality made the 4 tiny vertebrae that are fused together
pelvic girdleprotectsinternal organs and supports the reduced extremities
iliumbroad blade shaped bone that creates the earlier & political parties of the pubic bone
sacroiliacthe slightly movable articulation in between the sacrum & posterior part of the ilium
ischiumforms the reduced posterior section of the pubic bone, bear the weight of the body once sitting
pubisforms the anterior section ofthe pubic bone, located just listed below the urinary bladder
pubic symphysiscartilaginous joint that unites the left & ideal pubic bones
acetabulumaka i know well sockets, large circular cavity in every side the the pelvis that articulates w/ the head the the femur to kind the i know good joint
femurslargest skeleton in the body
patellaaka knee cap, bonyanterior part of the knee
poplitealposterior room behind the knee whereby the ligaments,vessels, and muscles concerned this joint are located
cruciate ligamentsmake feasible the motion of the knee
tibiaaka shin bone is the bigger anterior load bearing bone in the lower leg
fibulathe smaller sized of the 2 bones in the lower leg
anklesthe joints that connect the reduced leg & foot, do the necessary movements possible
tarsalthe 7 brief bones of the ankle similar to the bones of the wrist,
malleolusrounded bony projection on the tibia & fibula top top the sides of each ankle joint
talusthe ankle bone the articulates w/ the tibia & fibula
calcaneusaka heel bone, llargest that the tarsal bones
metatarsals5 skeleton that form the component of the foot wherein the toes room attached
phalangesbones of the toe, also the fingers
chiropractorholds a dr the chiropractic degree & specializes in the manipulative treatment of obstacle orginating from misalignment the the spine
orthopedic surgeonphysician who specializes in diagnosing & treating diseases & disorders involving bones, joints and muscles
osteopathholds a dr of osteopathy level & uses traditional forms of medical treatment in enhancement to specializing in treating health troubles by spinal manipulation
podiatristdr of podiatry level & specializes in diagnosing & dealing with disorders of the foot
rheumatologistphysician who specializes in diagnosis & therapy of arthritis and also disorders such as osteoporosis
ankylosisloss or absence of mobility in a joint as result of disease, injury, or a operation procedure
arthrosclerosisstiffness the the joints
bursitisinflammation the a bursa
chondromalaciaabnormal softening the cartilage
chondromaslow growing benign tumor obtained from cartilage cells
costochondritisinflammation the the cartilage the connects a rib come the sternum
hallux valgusaka bunion, an abnormal enlargemetn the the joint at the basic of the great toe
hemarthrosisblood within a joint
polymyalgia rheumaticageriatric inflammation disorder the the muscle & joints defined by pain and also stiffness in the neck, shoulders, top arms, hips and thighs
synovitisinflammation of the synovial membrane that outcomes in swelling & pains of the impacted joint
dislocationtotal displacement the a bone native its joint
subluxationpartial displacement of a bone native its joint
arthritisinflammatory condition of one or more joint
osteoarthritismost commonly associated w/ aging
osteophytesbone spurs
spondylosisaka spinal osteoarthritis, degenerative disorder can cause the lose of common spinal framework & function
gouty arthritisaka gout, kind of arthritis characterized by shop of uricacid in the joints
rheumatoid arthritisaka RA, chronic autoimmune disorder in i beg your pardon the joints & some organs of other body systems room attacked
ankylosing spondylitisform that rheumatoid arthritis that primarily reasons inflammation that the joints between the vertebrae
juvenile rheumatoid arthritisautoimmune disorder that affects kids ages 16 yrs or less
herniated diskaka slipped/ruptured disk break apart of one intervertebral disk that results in push on spinal nerve roots
lumbagopain in the lumbar region
spondylolisthesisis the forward slipping movement of the body of among the reduced lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra or sacrum listed below it
spina bifidacongenital defect the occurs during early pregnancy once the spinal canal fails to close fully around the spinal cord to protect it
kyphosisan abnormal boost in the external curvature that the thoracic spine as perceived from the side
lordosisabnormal boost in the front curvature that the lumbar spine
scoliosislateral curvature that the spine
craniostenosismalformation that the skull because of the premature closure the the cranial sutures
fibrous dysplasiabone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure & replace instead replace it with fibrous tissue
ostealgiapain in the bone
osteitisinflammation the the bone
osteomalaciaaka adult rickets, abnormal softening of skeletal in adults
osteomyelitisinflammation that the bone marrow & surrounding bone
osteonecrosisdeath of bone tissue as result of insufficient blood supply
paget's diseasebone condition of unknown cause
periostitisinflammation that the periosteum
ricketsdeficiency disease occurring in children,results from a vit D deficiency
short staturecondition result from the fail of the skeleton of the four to thrive to an appropriate length compared to the dimension of the head & trunk
talipesaka clubfoot describes any congenital deformity of the foot including the talus(ankle bones)
primary bone cancerrelatively rarely malignant tumor that originates in a bone
secondary bone cancerdescribes tumors that have actually metastasized come bones from various other organs
myelomacancer that occurs in blood do cells found in red bone marrow
osteochondromaa bright bony estimate covered through cartilage
osteoporosismarked loss of bone density & boost in bone porosity the if frequently connected with aging
osteopeniathinner then mean bone density
compression fractureoccurs as soon as the bone is pressed together on itself
colles fractureaka broken wrist
osteoporotic hip fractureaka broken hip usually led to by weakening the the bones due to osteoporosis
fracturea damaged bone
closed fracturebroken bone yet there is no open wound
open fracturebroken bone and also an open skin wound
comminuted fracturebone is splintered or crushed
greenstick fracturewhere the bone is bending & just partially broken, occurs primarily in children
pathologic fractureoccurs as soon as a dilute bone breaks under common strain
spiral fracturefracture wherein the bone has actually been twisted apart
stress fracturewhich is an overuse injury is a tiny crack in a bone that often creates from chronic too much impact
transverse fractureoccurs straight throughout the bone
fat embolusform once a long bone is broken & fat cells from yellow bone marrow space released into the blood
crepitationgrating sound heard once the ends of a damaged bone relocate together
callusforms together a bulging deposit approximately the area the the break
radiographaka x ray, supplied to visualize bone fractures & other abnormalities
arthroscopyvisual check of the interior structure of a joint
bone marrow biopsydiagnostic check that may be crucial after abnormal varieties or number of red or white blood cells are discovered in a finish blood counting test
magnetic resonance imagingused to image soft tissue frameworks such as the interior of facility joints
bone thickness testingused to determine losses or transforms in bone density
ultrasonic bone density testingscreening test because that osteoporosis or other conditions that reason a loss of bone mass
dual x beam absorptiometrylow exposure radiographic measurement of the spine & hips to measure bone density
bone marrow transplantused come treat certain varieties of cancer
allogenic bone marrow transplantuses healthy bones marrow cells from a compatible donor
autologous bone marrow transplantpatient receives his very own bone marrow cell which have been harvested, cleansed,treated, and also stored
orthoticmechanical appliance such as a foot brace that is particularly designed to control, correct, or compensate because that impaired limb function
prosthesissubstitute because that a diseased or lacking body part
arthrodesissurgical blend of 2 bones to stiffen a joint
artholysissurgical loosening of one ankylosed joint
arthroscopic surgeryminimally invasive procedure for the therapy of the inner of a joint
chondroplastysurgical repair of damaged cartilage
synovectomysurgical removal of a synovial membrane native a joint
viscosupplementationsinjections offered to include preparation the hyaluronic mountain & related compounds come a joint, easing friction
arthroplastysurgical fix of a damaged joint
percutaneous diskectomyperformed to treat a herniated intervertebral disk
percutaneous vertebroplastyperformed to treat osteoporosis-related compression fractures
laminectomysurgical removed of a lamina or posterior section of a vertebra
spinal fusiontechnique to immobilize part of the spine by joining with each other two or an ext vertebraecraniectomy
craniectomysurgical removed of a section of the skull
craniotomysurgical scratch or opening right into the skull
cranioplastysurgical fix of the skull
osteoclasissurgical fracture that a bone to correct a deformity
ostectomysurgical removed of a bone
osteoplastysurgical fix of a bone or bones
osteorrhaphysurgical suturing or wiring together of bones
osteotomysurgical cutting of a bone
periosteotomyan incision v the periosteum come the bone
closed reductionattempted realignment of a bone connected in a fracture or joint dislocation
immobilizationact the holding, suturing, or fastening the bone in a fixed position with strapping or a cast
tractiona pulling pressure exerted top top a body in a distal direction in an effort to return the bone or share to normal alignment
external fixationfracture therapy where pins are placed through the soft organization & bone so that an outside appliance deserve to be used to host the pieces of bone firmly in place
internal fixationplate or pins room are placed straight into the bone to host the broken pieces together