Ribose and also deoxyribose are simple sugars discovered in life things. Spotting the difference in between deoxyribose and also ribose structure deserve to be fairly difficult.

You are watching: How do ribose and deoxyribose sugars differ

The core difference in between deoxyribose and ribose is the ribose is a pentose monosaccharide uncovered on RNA if deoxyribose is a monosaccharide that participates in the development of DNA.


What Is Deoxyribose?

Deoxyribose is a an easy sugar that participates in the formation of DNA. It has actually a chemistry formula that C5H10O4. The simple sugar is formed after the lose of oxygen atom.

The an easy sugar has two enantiomers such together D-2-deoxyribose and also L-2-deoxyribose. D-2-deoxyribose wake up in nature and it is the key precursor that the nucleic mountain DNA.

What Is Ribose?

Ribose is an organic compound found in the RNA. It has actually a chemistry formula that C5H10O5. The two enantiomers are D-ribose and L-ribose. D-ribose is responsible to take place in nature where ribose β-D-ribofuranose is responsible for RNA formation.

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Comparison Chart: Deoxyribose Vs Ribose

Basic state Deoxyribose Ribose
MeaningIt is a monosaccharide provided in the formation of DNAIt is a pentose sugar found in the RNA
Chemical FormulaC5H10O4C5H10O5
Molar Mass134.13 g·mol−1150.13 g/mol
IUPAC name2-deoxy-D-ribose(2S,3R,4S,5R)-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolane-2,3,4-triol
HistoryDiscovered in 1929 through Phoebus LeveneDiscovered in 1891 by Emil Fischer
Alternative Name2-deoxy-D-erythro-pentose, thymineD-Ribose
StructureHydroxyl (OH) group at position 2Hydrogen (H) atom at position 2
Found inDNARNA
Biological importanceThe key backbone the DNAThe key backbone the RNA

Core Differences in between Deoxyribose and also Ribose 

Deoxyribose has a chemical formula of C5H10O4 while the of ribose is C5H10O5The IUPAC name of deoxyribose is 2-deoxy-D-ribose while that of ribose is (2S,3R,4S,5R)-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolane-2,3,4-triolThe structure of deoxyribose has hydroxyl (OH) group at position 2 while the of ribose has actually a hydrogen (H) atom at position 2The molar fixed of deoxyribose is 134.13 g/mol when ribose is 150.13 g/molThe alternate name the deoxyribose is 2-deoxy-D-erythro-pentose while the of ribose is D-RiboseDeoxyribose was discovered in 1929 by Phoebus Levene while ribose was found in 1891 Emil FischerDeoxyribose is uncovered in DNA when ribose is discovered in RNA

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Comparison Video


The key difference between ribose and deoxyribose is that ribose is a straightforward sugar found in RNA while deoxyribose is a monosaccharide used in genetic formation. The nucleic acids uncovered in deoxyribose and also ribose are quite an important for life organisms.