Element Copper - Cu
Comprehensive data top top the chemical facet Copper is listed on this page; consisting of scores the properties, aspect names in countless languages, most recognized nuclides the Copper. Typical chemical compounds are also noted for many elements. In addition technical state are attached to their definitions and also the menu has links come related short articles that space a great aid in one"s studies.
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Copper MenuCopper web page OneOverview that CopperCopper"s surname in other LanguagesAtomic structure of CopperChemical properties of CopperPhysical properties of CopperRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowCopper page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesCopper web page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds of Copper
Overview that CopperAtomic Number: 29Group: 11Period: 4Series: shift Metals
Copper"s name in various other LanguagesLatin: CuprumCzech: Měd´Croatian: BakarFrench: CuivreGerman: Kupfer - eItalian: RameNorwegian: KobberPortuguese: CobreRussian: МедьSpanish: CobreSwedish: KopparAtomic framework of CopperAtomic Radius: 1.57ÅAtomic Volume: 7.1cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.17ÅCross Section (Thermal ghost Capture)σa/barns: 3.78Crystal Structure: Cubic confront centered
Chemical properties of CopperElectrochemical Equivalent: 1.1855g/amp-hrElectron work-related Function: 4.65eVElectronegativity: 1.9 (Pauling); 1.75 (Allrod Rochow)Heat that Fusion: 13.05kJ/molIncompatibilities:Oxidizers, alkalis, salt azide, acetyleneIonization PotentialFirst: 7.726Second: 20.292Third: 36.83Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 34
Physical properties of CopperAtomic fixed Average: 63.546Boiling Point: 2840K 2567°C 4653°FCoefficient that lineal heat expansion/K-1: 16.5E-6ConductivityElectrical: 0.596 106/cm ΩThermal: 4.01 W/cmKDensity: 8.96g/cc
300KDescription: red orange transition metal.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 137.8/GPaRigidity: 48.3/GPaYoungs: 129.8/GPaEnthalpy of Atomization: 338.9 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy of Fusion: 13.01 kJ/moleEnthalpy of Vaporization: 304.6 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: Non-combustible hard (except together dust)Freezing Point: see melt pointHardness ScaleBrinell: 874 MN m-2Mohs: 3Vickers: 369 MN m-2Heat of Vaporization: 300.3kJ/molMelting Point: 1357.75K 1084.6°C 1984.3°FMolar Volume: 7.11 cm3/moleOptical Reflectivity: 90%Physical State (at 20°C & 1atm): SolidSpecific Heat: 0.38J/gKVapor Pressure = 0.0505Pa
Regulatory / HealthCAS Number7440-50-8RTECS: GL5325000NFPA 704Health: 2Fire: Reactivity:Special Hazard: OSHA permissible Exposure border (PEL)TWA: 1 mg/m3OSHA PEL Vacated 1989TWA: 1 mg/m3NIOSH recommended Exposure limit (REL)TWA: 1 mg/m3IDLH: 100 mg/m3 Routes of Exposure: Inhalation; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contactTarget Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory tract system, liver, kidneys (increase(d) danger with Wilson"s disease)Levels In Humans:Note: this data represents naturally occuring level of facets in the common human, that DOES NOT stand for recommended everyday allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: 1.01Bone/p.p.m: 1-26Liver/p.p.m: 30Muscle/p.p.m: 10Daily diet Intake: 0.50-6 mgTotal fixed In Avg. 70kg human: 72 mg
Who / where / when / HowDiscoverer: well-known to old civilizationDiscovery Location: UnknownDiscovery Year: UnknownName Origin:Latin: cyprium (island the Cyprus well known for its copper mines).Abundance that Copper:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 50Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: 0.00008Atlantic Deep: 0.00012Pacific Surface: 0.00008Pacific Deep: 0.00028Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative come H=1E12): 1.15Sources that Copper:Pure copper occurs rarely in nature. Usually copper found in together minerals as azurite, malachite and bornite and in sulfides together in chalcopyrite (CuFeS2), coveline (CuS), chalcosine (Cu2S) or oxides choose cuprite (Cu2O). Copper is obtained by smelting, leaching and also by electrolysis. Annual world manufacturing is around 6,540,000 tons. Primary mining locations are in USA, Zaire, Zambia, Canada, Chile, Cyprus, Russia and Australia.Uses that Copper:Most often used as an electrical conductor. The alloys are used in jewelry, copper sculptures and also for coins. The skin that the Statue of Liberty is make of copper.Additional Notes:Copper is a an extremely interesting element. It is one of the change elements that actually uses electrons from among the within orbitals in chemistry reactions. In addition, that has an ext than one oxidation state. Like many of the transition elements, copper has a colored ion. Copper frequently forms a bluish green solution. Copper (Cu) has two valences Cu i (cuprous) has one valence electron and Cu II (cupric) has actually two valence electrons. Copper was among the earliest recognized metals, having actually reportedly been mined for over 5000 years. In nature it has actually two isotopes, 63 (69.09%), which has actually 29 electrons and protons and 34 neutrons, and 65 (30.91%), which has 29 electrons and also protons and 36 neutrons. Brass and also bronze room alloys the copper.
Copper MenuCopper page OneOverview the CopperCopper"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic framework of CopperChemical nature of CopperPhysical properties of CopperRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowCopper page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesCopper web page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds of Copper
A list of reference sources used to translate into the data listed on our regular table of facets can be found on the main periodic table page.
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