Bismuth

aspect 83 of regular table is Bismuth v atomic number 83, atomic load 208.98038. Bismuth, price Bi, has actually a Base centered Monoclinic structure and Gray color. Bismuth is a post-transition metal element. Trivial name of Bismuth is pentels, pnictogens*. Know everything about Bismuth Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.


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Bismuth is a chemical aspect with price Bi and also atomic number 83. Bismuth, a pentavalent post-transition metal, chemically resembles arsenic and also antimony. Elemental bismuth may take place naturally, although its sulfide and oxide form important commercial ores.

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Bismuth Facts

Read key information and facts about element Bismuth

name Bismuth
atomic Number 83
atom Symbol Bi
Atomic weight 208.98038
phase Solid
color Gray
Classification post-transition metal
team in regular Table 15
Group Name nitrogen household
period in regular Table 6
Block in regular Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
Melting allude 271.3 °C
Boiling point 1564 °C
Electronic covering Structure <2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5>
CAS Number CAS7440-69-9

neighborhood
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

discover our interactive regular table


How to situate Bismuth on routine Table

Periodic table is arranged by atom number, variety of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is exact same as number of electrons. The atom number increases from left come right. Routine table beginning at height left ( atomic number 1) and also ends in ~ bottom ideal (atomic number 118). As such you can straight look because that atomic number 83 to discover Bismuth on routine table.

Another means to read routine table and locate an aspect is by using team number (column) and period number (row). To find Bismuth on routine table look because that cross ar of group 15 and period 6 in the modern periodic table.

explore Interactive periodic Table to Understand and also Learn Cool fads

Table of Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare Bismuth with various other elements

Bismuth History

The aspect Bismuth was uncovered by Claude François Geoffroy in year 1400 in unknown location . Bismuth obtained its name from German word, now obsolete

Bismuth Presence: diversity in Nature and also Around Us

The table below shows the diversity of Bismuth in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
variety in cosmos 7×10-8%
diversity in sun 1×10-6%
variety in Meteorites 6.9×10-6%
Abundance in Earth"s late 2.5×10-6%
variety in oceans 2×10-9%
variety in people N/A

Crystal framework of Bismuth

The hard state framework of Bismuth is Base focused Monoclinic.

The crystal structure deserve to be defined in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in 3 dimensional room to form the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cell is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
667.4 611.7 330.4 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 1.925622 π/2

The positions of the atoms within the unit cell are defined by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the decision are described by the principle of space groups. All feasible symmetric species of particles in three-dimensional an are are defined by the 230 space groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral copies are taken into consideration distinct.

an are Group name C12/m1
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room Group Number 12
Crystal structure Base centered Monoclinic

Bismuth Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Bismuth atoms have actually 83 electrons and the electronic shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5> through Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2.


atom Number 83
Number of electrons (with no charge) 83
Number of Protons 83
Mass Number 209
Number of Neutrons 126
Shell framework (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5>
Electron construction 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
Valence Electrons 6s2 6p3
Oxidation State -3;-2;-1 1;2;3;4;5
Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2

Shell structure of Bismuth - electrons per power level


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Ground State electronic Configuration that Bismuth - neutral Bismuth atom

The ground state digital configuration the Neutral Bismuth atom is 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3. The section of Bismuth configuration that is tantamount to the noble gas that the coming before period, is abbreviated as . Because that atoms with countless electrons, this notation deserve to become lengthy and so an abbreviation notation is used.This is crucial as that is the Valence electron 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3, electrons in the outermost shell that identify the chemical properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration that neutral Bismuth

Complete floor state electronic configuration because that the Bismuth atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3

Atomic framework of Bismuth

Bismuth atom radius is 143 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 146 pm.

atom Radius

143 afternoon (1.43 Å)

Atomic Volume 21.3681370143 cm3
Covalent Radius 146 afternoon (1.46 Å)
van der Waals Radius N/A
ghost Cross ar 0.034 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum that Bismuth

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Bismuth chemical Properties: Bismuth Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity the Bismuth is 91.2 kJ/mol

Valence 5
Electronegativity 2.02
ElectronAffinity 91.2 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Bismuth

Refer come table listed below for Ionization energies of Bismuth

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 703
2 1610
3 2466
4 4370
5 5.4×103
6 8520

Bismuth physics Properties

Refer to below table for Bismuth physical Properties

thickness 9.78 g/cm3
Molar Volume 21.3681370143 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 32 GPa
Shear Modulus 12 GPa
mass Modulus 31 GPa
Poisson proportion 0.33

Hardness that Bismuth - tests to measure of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness 2.25 MPa
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness 94.2 MPa

Bismuth electric Properties

Bismuth is Conductor the electricity. Describe table below for the electric properties of Bismuth

electrical Conductivity 7.7×105 S/m
Resistivity 1.3×10-6 m Ω
Superconducting suggest N/A

Bismuth Heat and also Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 8 W/(m K)
Thermal growth 0.0000134 K-1

Bismuth Magnetic Properties

Magnetic kind Diamagnetic
Curie suggest N/A
massive Magnetic Susceptibility -1.7×10-8
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -3.6×10-9
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -0.00017

Optical nature of Bismuth

Refractive index N/A

Acoustic nature of Bismuth

speed of Sound 1790 m/s

Bismuth thermal Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer to table below for thermal properties the Bismuth

Melting point 544.4 K (271.3 °C)
Boiling suggest 1837 K (1564 °C)
vital Temperature N/A
Superconducting point N/A

Enthalpies of Bismuth

warmth of blend 10.9 kJ/mol
heat of Vaporization 160 kJ/mol
warm of burning N/A

Bismuth isotope - nuclear Properties of Bismuth

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally arising Bismuth has 1 steady isotope - None.


Isotope Isotope fixed % variety T half Decay setting
184Bi
185Bi
186Bi
187Bi
188Bi
189Bi
190Bi
191Bi
192Bi
193Bi
194Bi
195Bi
196Bi
197Bi
198Bi
199Bi
200Bi
201Bi
202Bi
203Bi
204Bi
205Bi
206Bi
207Bi
208Bi
209Bi 100%
210Bi
211Bi
212Bi
213Bi
214Bi
215Bi
216Bi
217Bi
218Bi

Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-69-9
RTECS Number RTECSEB2600000
period Hazard course 6.1
dot Numbers 3080
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating N/A
NFPA hazards N/A
NFPA health Rating N/A
NFPA Reactivity Rating N/A
Autoignition suggest N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of distinct identifiers to find the aspect in various chemical it is registered databases

Database id number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts company (CAS) CAS7440-69-9
CID Number CID5359367
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSEB2600000

Compare Bismuth v all Group 15 elements

Bismuth vs Nitrogen Bismuth vs Phosphorus Bismuth vs Arsenic Bismuth vs Antimony Bismuth vs Moscovium

Compare Bismuth with all post-transition metal elements

Bismuth vs Aluminium Bismuth vs Gallium Bismuth vs Indium Bismuth vs believe Bismuth vs Thallium Bismuth vs command Bismuth vs Nihonium Bismuth vs Flerovium Bismuth vs Moscovium Bismuth vs Livermorium