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Wild Turkeys are huge game birds with a rather awkward appearance. The wild turkey is one of the biggest birds in phibìc America. An adult masculine can thrive up come 4 feet lengthy from his beak to his tail. Wild turkeys live in open up fields and woods and nest top top the ground.

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Wild turkeys room quite different from their domestic cousins. They space smaller and also faster and can fly very well. They live and move in flocks. Although lock are thought about wild animals, they can be unbelievably fearless.

Surprisingly, wild turkeys are an effective flier, reaching speeds of as much as 55 mph over quick distances.

Domestic turkeys have actually grown in size and also have lost the capability to fly. Lock are more tolerant the humans and are accustomed come handouts native feeders.

Description:

Size:

Females are smaller and duller. Castle weigh in between 8 come 10 pounds.A masculine bird have the right to stand 5 feet tall. They measure 117 cm (46 in) indigenous beak reminder to tail tip; females measure up 94 centimeter (37 in).

General Features:

Both male and female have a long neck, featherless blue head, strong spurred legs, and a fan-shaped tail.Male: Dark iridescent feathers overall, red wattles on the throat, and also a dark tuft suspended native the breast.Female: Duller than the male, lacks wattles, and often lacks a chest tuft.
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Plumage: Males have actually Iridescent red, green, copper, bronze and gold feathers, i m sorry they usage to lure females during reproduction season.Females are drab, usually with brown or gray feathers. The dull plumage helps in comouflaging them as soon as nesting and also raising a family.Color Phases: A couple of wild turkeys have actually unusually fancy feathers. These are recognized as color phases. There room four color phases:smokey gray shade phasemelanistic shade phase (all black)an erythritic shade phase (reddish coloration)albino shade phase (very rare).
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Head and Neck:

Male turkeys have featherless necks and also heads. Castle may adjust color follow to the bird"s framework of mind. In a patience state, they stay gray or blue. If angry or throughout courtship, the neck and also the head end up being bright red. They likewise have spur in the lower part of their legs.Male turkeys have actually peculiar fleshy growths on the neck, under the chin and above the beak. The one in the neck area is termed "caruncle". "Wattles" are located under the chin and also the "snood" lies flapping on the beak.The snood is additionally a hear organ, and also it have the right to perceive sounds 5 times much more effectively 보다 the human ear.Like head and neck, these 3 pieces that flesh achieve red color in says of mental mentioned above for turkeys.Males turkeys grow a cluster of lengthy feathers native the center of that chest. This cluster is well-known as the turkey"s beard.The mustache is actually a group of modification feathers the look prefer hair. Beards space most frequently found on adult masculine turkeys (called gobblers), back females (called hens) will grow them occasionally.On adult males, this beards average about 9 customs long.10 to 20 percent the hens likewise grow beards.

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Legs:

Wild turkey legs room reddish orange.They have four toes on every foot.Male wild turkeys grow big spurs ~ above the backs of their reduced legs. This spurs room pointed, bony spikes and also are offered for defense and to develop dominance.Spurs can flourish up to 2 inches in length. The longest spurs on document are 2.25 inches long.

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Tail:

Wild turkey tails room usually 12 come 15 inches long and also are banded at their tips. The shade of the bands in the tail different by subspecies.Male wild turkeys pan their tails as soon as displaying to entice a mate.You can usually call the difference in between an adult male and a juvenile male (a jake) turkey by looking at a turkey"s tail: all tail feathers of adult males are the same length. The feathers forming the center of a jake"s tail room usually much longer than the rest of the feathers in the tail.

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Species research by Sibylle Johnson