Element Zirconium - Zr

Comprehensive data top top the chemical element Zirconium is detailed on this page; consisting of scores of properties, facet names in many languages, most known nuclides that Zirconium. Typical chemical compounds space also listed for countless elements. In addition technical terms are connected to their definitions and also the menu contains links come related posts that space a great aid in one"s studies.

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Zirconium Menu

Zirconium web page OneOverview the ZirconiumZirconium"s name in other LanguagesAtomic structure of ZirconiumChemical properties of ZirconiumPhysical nature of ZirconiumRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowZirconium page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesZirconium web page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds the Zirconium

Overview the Zirconium

Atomic Number: 40Group: 4Period: 5Series: transition Metals

Zirconium"s name in other Languages

Latin: ZirkoniumCzech: ZirkoniumCroatian: CirkonijFrench: ZirkoniumGerman: Zirkonium - sItalian: ZirconioNorwegian: ZirkoniumPortuguese: XircônioRussian: ЦирконийSpanish: CirconioSwedish: ZirkoniumAtomic framework of ZirconiumAtomic Radius: 2.16ÅAtomic Volume: 14.1cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.45ÅCross Section (Thermal spirit Capture)σa/barns: 0.184Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d2 5s2Electrons per power Level: 2,8,18,10,2Shell Model
Ionic Radius:
0.72ÅFilling Orbital: 4d2Number of electrons (with no charge): 40Number of neutrons (most common/stable nuclide): 51Number that Protons: 40Oxidation States: 4Valence Electrons: 4d2 5s2Electron period Model

Chemical properties of Zirconium

Electrochemical Equivalent:
0.8509g/amp-hrElectron work-related Function: 4.05eVElectronegativity: 1.33 (Pauling); 1.22 (Allrod Rochow)Heat of Fusion: 16.9kJ/molIncompatibilities:Potassium nitrate, oxidizersIonization PotentialFirst: 6.84Second: 13.13Third: 22.99Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 80

Physical nature of Zirconium

Atomic massive Average: 91.224Boiling Point: 4650K 4377°C 7911°FCoefficient of lineal heat expansion/K-1: 5.78E-6ConductivityElectrical: 0.0236 106/cm ΩThermal: 0.227 W/cmKDensity: 6.51g/cc
300KDescription:A difficult Rare grayish-white metal, i beg your pardon is resistant towards corrosion because of an oxide movie on that is surface. It will certainly burn in wait if ignited.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 89.8/GPaRigidity: 35/GPaYoungs: 98/GPaEnthalpy of Atomization: 598 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy the Fusion: 20.9 kJ/moleEnthalpy that Vaporization: 581.6 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: CombustibleFreezing Point: see melt pointHardness ScaleBrinell: 650 MN m-2Mohs: 5Vickers: 903 MN m-2Heat that Vaporization: 58.2kJ/molMelting Point: 2125K 1852°C 3366°FMolar Volume: 14.06 cm3/molePhysical State (at 20°C & 1atm): SolidSpecific Heat: 0.27J/gKVapor Pressure = 0.00168Pa

Regulatory / Health

CAS Number7440-67-7powder, wetUN/NA ID and ERG guide Number1358 / 170powder, wet1932 / 135scrap2008 / 135powder, dryRTECS: ZH7070000OSHA allow Exposure border (PEL)TWA: 5 mg/m3OSHA PEL Vacated 1989TWA: 5 mg/m3STEL: 10 mg/m3NIOSH encourage Exposure border (REL)TWA: 5 mg/m3STEL: 10 mg/m3IDLH: 50 mg/m3 Routes the Exposure: Inhalation; Skin and/or eye contactTarget Organs: Skin, respiratory tract systemLevels In Humans:Note: this data represents naturally occuring levels of facets in the common human, that DOES NOT represent recommended daily allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: 0.011Bone/p.p.m: Liver/p.p.m: 0.11Muscle/p.p.m: 0.08Daily diet Intake: 0.05 mgTotal fixed In Avg. 70kg human: 1 mg

Who / wherein / when / How

Discoverer: boy name H. KlaprothDiscovery Location: Berlin GermanyDiscovery Year: 1789Name Origin:Farsi, zargun for gold color.Abundance that Zirconium:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 190Seawater/p.p.m.: 0.000009Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative come H=1E12): 560Sources the Zirconium:Found in plenty of minerals such together zircon and baddeleyite. Yearly world large production is roughly 7000 tons. Primary mining locations are Australia, Brazil, USA and also Sri Lanka.Uses of Zirconium:Used in alloys such as zircaloy i m sorry is offered in atom applications due to the fact that it does not conveniently absorb neutrons. Likewise used in catalytic converters, percussion caps and furnace bricks. Baddeleyite is supplied in laboratory crucibles.Additional Notes:While Klaproth found zirconium in 1789, it very first isolated through J.J. Berzelius in 1824 in stockholm Sweden.

Zirconium Menu

Zirconium web page OneOverview the ZirconiumZirconium"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic structure of ZirconiumChemical nature of ZirconiumPhysical nature of ZirconiumRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowZirconium page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesZirconium page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds that Zirconium


A perform of reference sources provided to translate into the data listed on our regular table of aspects can be uncovered on the main periodic table page.

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