several empirical equations have been proposed to calculatethe percent ionic personality in the bond. The is vital to note that nobond (even ionic) in chemistry is 100% ionic. The following methods have actually beenproposed because that this purpose:


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According come Pauling, once the electronegativity difference between twoelements is 1.7, portion of ionic character is 50% i.e.
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For example; inHF, the electronegativity difference in between H and also F is 1.9. Therefore, % ioniccharacter is computed to it is in 56%.
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The relationbetween electronegativity difference and percentage ionic character ofcompounds is summarized as:
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Paulingsuggested the following alternate equation for calculating the % ioniccharacter in the bond:
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These twochemists proposed the following equation referred to as Hannay-Smith’s Equation forcalculating the % ionic personality in the bond:
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Unit # 7… M.C.Qs  on chemistry Energetics 1. The examine of energy transformations emerging during a chemical reaction based upon the principle of conservation of energy is referred to as (a) statistics (b) Thermochemistry (c) thermodynamics (d) chemical kinetics 2.   The study of heat energy changes that occur throughout chemical and also physical transforms is referred to as (a) statistics (b) Thermochemistry (c) thermodynamics (d) chemical kinetics 3. Thermochemistry is the study of relationship between heat energy and also ……………… (a) K.E (b) P.E. (c) chemical energy (d) electric energy 4.It is the capability of a system or power to produce change (a) K.E (b) P.E. (c) power (d) heat  5.      1J is equal