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The post-and-lintel mechanism is a simple method of construction involving the usage of vertical and horizontal elements. The verticals assistance the horizontals, producing one storey that a building. Extr verticals deserve to be put atop the horizontals to create structures with more than one level. This way of structure was incredibly essential for the architecture of ancient Greece. That ease and also utility made it a popular choice even ~ other techniques of building had been developed.
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THE POST-AND-LINTEL IN MINOAN CIVILIZATION
Knowledge of Minoan world in the palace Periods (the Old Palace period through new Palace Period, or middle Minoan IB v Late Minoan IIIA1, 1925 – 1380 BCE) comes down to the modern age with excavations that the an excellent palace complexes left top top Crete through the Minoans. This grand frameworks were built entirely with post-and-lintel construction. In the archaeological record, the is possible to see where a very first level of articles would have actually stood, and the placement of lintels atop castle is conveniently deduced. Native this point, do guesses about the construction of a structure becomes an ext difficult. The higher levels of a building leave no trace in the historical record, therefore the existence of a second or extr stories deserve to only ever by hypothesized.
The palace of Knossos was built with posts and also lintels
THE POST-AND-LINTEL IN MYCENAEAN CIVILIZATION
Architecture in the Mycenaean duration (Late Helladic IIIA – IIIB, c. 1425 – 1190 BCE) likewise relied greatly on post-and-lintel construction. Mycenaean architects experimented v the use of posts and lintels as elements of more complicated architectural plans. Two examples of this kind of innovation deserve to be found in the Lion gate of Mycenae and Treasury that Atreus. The Lion door of Mycenae demonstrates how an facet of post-and-lintel building and construction can be inserted within a different architectural context. In this case, the post-and-lintel gateway is within a portion of the citadel walls of Mycenae created of ashlar masonry (stone blocks laid in right lines). Right here it is also possible to see secondary architectural innovation, the relieving triangle. The relieving triangle is designed to minimize the weight placed on a lintel. In this case, the carved piece exhibiting the renowned lions is created of a kind of stone lighter in weight 보다 the neighboring blocks (Biers, p. 68).
The Lion door at Mycenae
The Treasury of Atreus, a tholos dig at Mycenae (dating to center Late Helladic IIIB) exhibits comparable innovations to those checked out in the Lion Gate. In this case, however, just a lintel is used. The lintel is inserted over walls do of block of stone, acting together the optimal of the doorway right into the tomb. The walls, while not strictly posts, execute the very same architectural duty in holding increase the lintel. The Treasury of Atreus likewise has a relieving triangle, return the rock that filled it is lacking - now it is only possible to check out the hole where it sat. The relieving triangle assisted lessen the weight inserted upon the lintel through the corbel-vaulted tomb. Interestingly, the lintel of the Treasury of Atreus to be itself was astonishingly heavy. Its inner piece, measuring ripe meters long, five meters wide, and 1.2 meters thick, weighs 120 tons (Biers, p. 78)
A check out of the inner of the Treasury the Atreus
THE POST-AND-LINTEL IN holy place ARCHITECTURE
Greek temples are very aesthetic, closely decorated, and often significant in scale, but in spite of every this complexity, temples room engineered through the basic post-and-lintel method of construction. Together the Ionic and Doric were arisen in the seventh century BCE, Greek architects ongoing to rely upon the tested post-and-lintel scheme.
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Posted at Dec 12/2007 06:12PM:keffie: Nice use of a usual architectural function in several various examples.