Natural numbers are a part of the number mechanism, including all the positive integers from 1 to infinity. Natural numbers are likewise dubbed counting numbers because they execute not incorporate zero or negative numbers. They are a component of genuine numbers including only the positive integers, yet not zero, fractions, decimals, and also negative numbers.

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1.Overview to Natural Numbers
2.What Are Natural Numbers?
3.Natural Numbers and Whole Numbers
4.Difference Between Natural Numbers and Whole Numbers
5.Natural Numbers on Number Line
6.Properties of Natural Numbers
7.FAQs on Natural Numbers

Summary to Natural Numbers

We watch numbers everywhere approximately us, for counting objects, for representing or exaltering money, for measuring the temperature, informing the time, and so on These numbers that are offered for counting objects are dubbed “organic numbers”. For instance, while counting objects, we say 5 cups, 6 books, 1 bottle, and so on.

What Are Natural Numbers?

Natural numbers refer to a set of all the totality numbers excluding 0. These numbers are substantially supplied in our day-to-day activities and also speech.

Natural Numbers Definition

Natural numbers are the numbers that are provided for counting and also are a part of genuine numbers. The collection of herbal numbers include only the positive integers, i.e., 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, ……….∞.

Examples of Natural Numbers

Natural numbers, likewise well-known as non-negative integers(all positive integers). Few examples encompass 23, 56, 78, 999, 100202, and also so on.

Set of Natural Numbers

A set is a arsenal of aspects (numbers in this context). The set of herbal numbers in Mathematics is composed as 1,2,3,.... The collection of natural numbers is dedetailed by the symbol, N. N = 1,2,3,4,5,...∞

Statement FormN = Set of all numbers founding from 1.
Roaster FormN = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, ………………………………
Set Builder FormN = x : x is an integer beginning from 1

Smallest Natural Number

The smallest organic number is 1. We recognize that the smallest facet in N is 1 and that for eextremely aspect in N, we deserve to talk around the next element in regards to 1 and N (which is 1 more than that element). For instance, two is one more than one, three is another than two, and also so on.

Natural Numbers from 1 to 100

The organic numbers from 1 to 100 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99 and 100.

Is 0 a Natural Number?

No, 0 is NOT a natural number because organic numbers are counting numbers. For counting any kind of variety of objects, we start counting from 1 and not from 0.


Odd Natural Numbers

The odd natural numbers are the numbers that are odd and also belong to the collection N. So the set of odd herbal numbers is 1,3,5,7,....

Even Natural Numbers

The also organic numbers are the numbers that are even, precisely divisible by 2, and belengthy to the set N. So the collection of also natural numbers is 2,4,6,8,....

The set of entirety numbers is the same as the set of herbal numbers, other than that it consists of a second number which is 0. The collection of whole numbers in Mathematics is created as 0,1,2,3,.... It is dedetailed by the letter, W.

W = 0,1,2,3,4…

From the above definitions, we can understand also that eexceptionally natural number is a whole number. Also, eincredibly entirety number various other than 0 is a natural number. We can say that the set of herbal numbers is a subcollection of the set of entirety numbers.


Natural numbers are all positive numbers favor 1, 2, 3, 4, and also so on. They are the numbers you normally count and they continue till infinity. Whereas, the totality numbers are all natural numbers including 0, for instance, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and also so on. Integers incorporate all totality numbers and their negative equivalent. e.g, -4, -3, -2, -1, 0,1, 2, 3, 4 and also so on. The complying with table reflects the difference in between a herbal number and also a whole number.

Natural NumberWhole Number
The collection of natural numbers is N= 1,2,3,...∞The collection of totality numbers is W=0,1,2,3,...
The smallest herbal number is 1.The smallest totality number is 0.
All herbal numbers are entirety numbers, yet all totality numbers are not natural numbers.Each totality number is a natural number, other than zero.

The collection of natural numbers and totality numbers can be shown on the number line as given listed below. All the positive integers or the integers on the right-hand side of 0, represent the natural numbers, whereas, all the positive integers in addition to zero, recurrent the totality numbers.


The 4 operations, enhancement, subtraction, multiplication, and also division, on herbal numbers, lead to four major properties of herbal numbers as shown below:

Clocertain PropertyAssociative PropertyCommutative PropertyDistributive Property

1. Closure Property:

The sum and also product of two natural numbers is constantly a herbal number.

Closure Property of Addition: a+b=c ⇒ 1+2=3, 7+8=15. This reflects that the amount of organic numbers is always a natural number.Clocertain Property of Multiplication: a×b=c ⇒ 2×3=6, 7×8=56, etc. This reflects that the product of organic numbers is always a natural number.

So, the collection of herbal numbers, N is closed under enhancement and also multiplication but this is not the instance in subtractivity and department.

2. Associative Property:

The amount or product of any kind of three natural numbers continues to be the very same even if the grouping of numbers is readjusted.

Associative Property of Addition: a+(b+c)=(a+b)+c ⇒ 2+(3+1)=2+4=6 and the very same result is obtained in (2+3)+1=5+1=6.Associative Property of Multiplication: a×(b×c)=(a×b)×c ⇒ 2×(3×1)=2×3=6= and also the exact same result is obtained in (a×b)×c=(2×3)×1=6×1=6.

So, the collection of herbal numbers, N is associative under enhancement and multiplication however this does not happen in the situation of subtractivity and also division.

3. Commutative Property:

The amount or product of 2 herbal numbers remains the exact same also after intertransforming the order of the numbers. The commutative residential property of N says that: For all a,b∈N: a+b=b+a and also a×b=b×a.

Commutative Property of Addition: a+b=b+a ⇒ 8+9=17 and b+a=9+8=17.Commutative Property of Multiplication: a×b=b×a ⇒ 8×9=72 and also 9×8=72.

So, the set of natural numbers, N is commutative under enhancement and also multiplication yet not in the instance of subtractivity and department.Let us summaclimb these three properties of natural numbers in a table. So, the set of organic numbers, N is commutative under addition and multiplication.

OperationClosure PropertyAssociative PropertyCommutative Property

4. Distributive Property:

The distributive residential or commercial property of multiplication over enhancement is a×(b+c)=a×b+a×cThe distributive building of multiplication over subtractivity is a×(b−c)=a×b−a×c

To learn more around the properties of natural numbers, click below.

Important Points

0 is not a organic number, it is a entirety number.N is closed, associative, and also commutative under both addition and multiplication (yet not under subtraction and also division).

☛ Related Articles

Check out a couple of even more exciting short articles related to organic numbers and properties.

Example 2: Is N, as a collection of natural numbers, closed under enhancement and multiplication?


Natural numbers incorporate only the positive integers and we understand that on adding 2 or more positive integers, we acquire their sum as a positive integer, similarly, as soon as we multiply 2 negative integers, we gain their product as a positive integer. Thus, for any kind of 2 organic numbers, their sum and the product will be natural numbers just. Therefore, N is closed under addition and also multiplication.

Note: This is not the instance via subtractivity and department so, N is not closed under subtraction and also division.

Example 3: Silvia and also Susan accumulated seashells on the beach. Silvia accumulated 10 shells and also Susan accumulated 4 shells. How many shells did they collect in all? Club all the natural numbers, provided in the situation and percreate the arithmetic operation as necessary.

See more: What Is The Cube Root Of 2744, Cube Root Of 2744 By Prime Factorization Method


Shells collected by Silusing = 10 and shells built up by Susan = 4. Thus, the full variety of shells built up by them=10+4=14. Thus, Silusing and Susan collected 14 shells in all.