If you currently know what ATOMS and also ELEMENTS and MOLECULES are and also want come dive straight into polymers, click here.

You are watching: Is a molecule bigger than an atom

OK, for this reason -- what"s an atom and what does it have to do with molecules? Let"s speak tiny, and also I typical really itty-bitty. ATOMS room the basic building blocks of every little thing you have the right to see roughly you, and also even several things girlfriend can"t see, prefer the air that you breathe. Atoms room so small that there room millions and billions and trillions in the tiniest speck you have the right to see. Solids, liquids, gases - all issue - are made up of atoms (or various other things, prefer molecules, that room made indigenous atoms)!
ELEMENTS room the type of atoms the we can have. Carbon is one element, hydrogen is an element, and so is oxygen. (We can call them by their names, or by their signs - C for carbon, H for hydrogen, and O for oxygen.) every the elements are provided out in a periodic table. If it"s in the table, it"s one element! Atoms deserve to join with each other - they form bonds together - to do MOLECULES.
because that example, two atoms the hydrogen hook together to type a molecule that hydrogen, H2 for short. Quite simple, huh?Click here to take a look in ~ a 3-D model of hydrogen (H2).Now, if girlfriend stick one oxygen atom in in between those 2 hydrogens, you have actually a molecule that water - H2O!

Click here to check out water (H2O) in 3-D.Each kind of atom commonly forms the same variety of bonds (they often tend to it is in stubborn the way). Because that example, a hydrogen atom develops one bond, one oxygen atom forms two, and also carbon forms four bonds. Watch at that molecule of water again - each hydrogen has actually one bond, and also the oxygen in the middle has two bonds. Molecules have the right to be lot bigger. One molecule that vitamin C is made up of 20 atom (6 carbons, 8 hydrogens, and 6 oxygens - that"s C6H8O6). If you take it those 20 atom of vitamin C and also mix lock around, bonding them with each other in a various order, you"ll have actually a totally different molecule the not only looks different, that acts different. (If your legs were sticking the end of your head, you"d act monster too!!)
Vitamin CC6H8O6
Somebody ElseC6H8O6
So, molecules are atoms stuck together, yet not just any type of old way. An altering which atom is external inspection to i beg your pardon can adjust the nature of a molecule, that is, how it looks and also acts - and also that changes how a totality BUNCH of molecules hanging out with each other will look and act. Because that example, water is a liquid, hydrogen is a gas, and vitamin C is a solid."SO WHAT?!!" friend ask. Well, once we talk about polymers, just how the atoms space bonded to each other deserve to have a substantial impact on what miscellaneous made the end of those polymers feel like and reacts as soon as you bash that or step on the or throw it versus the wall.

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Like, will it stick come the wall or bounce off?

A Bonding Experience

The sort of bond we"ve been talking around here is referred to as a "covalent bond," meaning that it"s make by share electrons between two atoms. More about bonding and also the framework of atom here, otherwise ....

Let"s talk POLYMERS !!

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