Tibet is the main body of the roof the the world - Tibetan Plateau, v an median elevation of much more than 4,000 meters. The Tibetan Plateau is the major resource of big rivers in China and Asia. Incomplete statistics display that over there are more than 20 rivers in Tibet with drainage area better than 10,000 square kilometers, much more than 100 rivers spanning an area of greater than 2,000 square kilometers, and thousands the rivers extending an area of more than 100 square kilometers. The source of the renowned Rivers in Asia such together the Indus River, Brahmaputra River, Mekong River, and Salween River are all here. The is defined by an uneven seasonal distribution of runoff, tiny inter-annual change, low water temperature, abundant flow, low sand content, and an excellent water quality.

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The main Facts around The Tibet Rivers


SourceDischargeLengthBasin AreaCountry
Yarlung Zangbo River(Brahmaputra River)TibetIndian Ocean2,057km 246,000km²China, India
Yangtze River(Jinsha River)QinghaiPacific Ocean6,300km1,800,000km²China
Yellow RiverQinghaiPacific Ocean5,464km752,443km²China
Lancang River(Mekong River) QinghaiPacific Ocean4,880km810,000km²China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam
Nu flow (Salween)TibetIndian Ocean3,240km325,000km²China, Myanmar, Thailand
Shiquan He(Indus River)TibetIndian Ocean3,180km1,165,500km²China, India, Pakistan

Top 6 Rivers Rising native Tibetan Plateau

According come the last destination, the rivers increasing from the Tibetan plateau can be divided into four major systems, specific the Pacific Water system (Yangtze River, Yellow River, Lancang River), the Indian ocean water mechanism (Yarlung Zangbo River, Indus River), the north Tibet continent River system, and the southern Tibet outflow flow system.

1. Yarlung Zangbo river (Brahmaputra River) - The highest possible River In The civilization

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through an typical altitude of about 4,500 meters, the Yarlung Zangbo flow is the greatest river in the world. Yarlung Zangbo river originates indigenous the Jemayangzong Glacier at the north foothills that the Himalayas in southwest Tibet, which is also the longest plateau river and China and largest flow in Tibet.

The Yarlung Zangbo river in Tibet is 2,057 kilometers long and also has a container area of 246,000 square kilometers, runs across southern Tibet native west to east, and was separated into 3 sections: upper, middle, and also lower reaches. Its top stream, flowing at one altitude the 4700 meters, is dubbed the Maquan River. The length is 183 kilometers. With wide river valleys, little slopes of the flow bed, and a little amount of water, Maquan River's water is bent and very clear. The middle reaches the the Yarlung Zangbo river flows indigenous Zhongba ar to Meilin County. It's 1,340 kilometers long. However, the river bed altitude drops native 4,600 meter to 2,800 meters. Countless main tributaries the the Yarlung Zangbo River, such together Nyang Qu, Lhasa River, and Nyang River are gathered on both political parties of the center reaches. After the flow flows through Mirin County, Nyingchi, that bypasses the easternmost Nanga Bawa height of the Himalayas and turns southward (the deepest Yarlung Zangbo grand Canyon in the world) before flowing into India. It is recognized as the Brahmaputra flow in India.

2. Yangtze river (Jinsha River) – The Longest flow In Asia & The Largest financial Belt that China

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Yangtze River, also known as Changjiang River, is the longest flow in Asia and also the third-longest in the world, v a total length of 6,300 kilometers. The tendency rises from the glaciers ~ above the south side of the Geladaindong optimal of the Tanggula mountain in the eastern of the Qinghai- Tibet Plateau. It passes v Southwest China (Qinghai, Tibet, Yunnan, Sichuan, Chongqing), central China (Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi), and also East China (Anhui, Jiangsu) and also falls into the east China Sea in ~ Shanghai.

The topography that the watershed is long from west come east and narrow from north to south. That is high in the west and also low in the east and also presents in the shape of three steps: the an initial step consists of the southerly Qinghai plateau, the west Sichuan plateau, and also the Hengduan hill range, with the basic altitude the 3500-5000 meters; The second step is because that the Qinba mountains, Sichuan Basin, Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, and Hubei like the mountain area, with the general altitude the 500-2000 meters; The third step consists of the Huaiyang mountains, the Jiangnan hills and also the plains of the Middle and lower get of the Yangtze River, generally below 500 meters above sea level. Usually, one speak the mainstream of the Yangtze River above Yichang, Hubei is the top reaches, with a length of 4,504 kilometers and a watershed area of 1 million square kilometers, cross the an initial and 2nd steps.

The Jinsha river is an upstream tributary that the Yangtze River and also is located in Yunnan province. The famous first bend the the Yangtze River refers to the big bend of the Jinsha River. The mainstream in the middle reaches of the Yangtze river runs native Yichang City in Hubei province to Hukou County(Jiujiang City) in Jiangxi Province. It is 955 kilometers long and also covers a watershed area that ​​680,000 square kilometers. After Jiujiang City, the is the reduced reaches the the Yangtze River. It is 938 kilometers long and also has a watershed area of ​​120,000 square kilometers.

Covering one-fifth the China's floor area and supporting one-third that the mainland's population, the Yangtze River economic belt is the largest economic belt in China. The Yangtze River container is additionally one the the birthplaces that the Chinese nation, which has actually long connected with the Yellow river civilization and also other ancient Chinese civilizations and linked into the Chinese civilization. The vastness that the Yangtze River civilization area, a big number of social sites, and also the high density are the many in the world. The Yangtze Civilization, specifically the "rice culture", had a good influence on east Asia and the world.

3. Yellow river - The second Longest river & The mother River the China

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The Yellow river is China's second-longest river, ~ the Yangtze River. Originating native Geda Suqi peak of Bayan Har hills in Yushu, Qinghai Province, it runs across China native west to east. The mainstream is 5464 kilometers long. It flows with 9 provinces and regions including Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, and Shandong. Finally, it's injected right into the Bohai Sea in Kenli District, Dongying City, Shandong Province. The total area that ​​the river basin is 795,000 square kilometers(including 42,000 square kilometers in the interior circulation area).

The upper and also middle reaches of the Yellow flow are overcame by mountains, while the lower reaches are overcame by plains and also hills. Indigenous its resource to Hekou Town, inside Mongolia Autonomous Region, is upper reaches, with a length the 3472 kilometers and also a watershed area of ​​428,000 square kilometers. From Hekou town to Taohuayu(belongs to Zhengzhou, Henan Province)is the middle reaches, v 1,206 kilometers long and also a basin area that 344,000 square kilometers. Indigenous Taohuayu come Shanghai is reduced reaches, with a river size of 786 kilometers and a watershed area of ​​only 23,000 square kilometers.

The Yellow flow traverses China indigenous west to east, v a watershed that is 1,900 kilometers long and 1,100 kilometers large from phibìc to south. The middle and also lower get of the Yellow river is the main resource of Chinese civilization, and the Chinese call it the "Mother River". The Yellow flow produces 1.6 billion tons of sand every year, of i m sorry 1.2 billion tons circulation into the sea, and also the continuing to be 400 million tons remain in the reduced reaches because that years, creating an alluvial plain. It's conducive to planting. It is likewise one of the financial and social centers of China. Therefore the Yellow flow is of an excellent significance come the history and culture of China.

4. Lancang river (Mekong River) - The Heart and also Soul Of southeast Asia

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The Lancang river originates in the northeast that the Tanggula mountain in Yushu, Qinghai Province, flows southwards through Qinghai, Tibet, and also Yunnan provinces of China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, and Cambodia, and falls into the south China Sea indigenous Saigon, Vietnam. The is the largest global river in south east Asia. The container covers an area that ​​164,800 square kilometers and also is 2,139 kilometers long. ~ the Lancang river flows the end of the Chinese border in southerly Yunnan Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, it is referred to as the Mekong River.

More than 60 million human being depend ~ above the Mekong flow for life. The Mekong River provides them food and water, as well as navigational convenience, and benefits all aspects of their daily lives. This river has the most abundant and diverse fishery resources in the world, 2nd only to the Amazon flow in Brazil.

5. Nu flow (Salween) - The main point Of The three Parallel Rivers the Yunnan Protected locations

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The Nu river rises indigenous the glacier in ~ the southerly foothills that the Tanggula mountain in Amdo County, Nagqu City, Tibet Autonomous Region. It flows v Tibet Autonomous region and Yunnan Province, flows into Myanmar, known as the Salween River, and finally flows into the Indian Ocean. The mainstream has actually a size of 2,013 kilometers and also a watershed area of 124,800 square kilometers.

The Nu River, the Lancang, and the Jinsha river (upper Yangtze River) run with the Hengduan hills within Yunnan district and circulation hundreds of kilometers in parallel there is no crossing each other. This herbal wonder is well-known as the 3 Parallel Rivers.

This area has actually a full area of ​​17,000 square kilometers and is among the largest human being heritage sites in China, specific the three Parallel Rivers Protection Area. This is the core area the ​​China's biodiversity and also is well known for it. There are more than 6,000 plants life in the civilization Heritage Site, and also it is thought that it breeds 25% that the world’s animal types and 50% of China’s animal species. In ~ the very same time, that is additionally known because that its social diversity, with virtually 300,000 people from 13 ethnic groups living here. The Nu flow is at this time the only river in China there is no a hydroelectric dam.

6. Shiquan he (Indus River) - The biggest River In Ngari consciousness of Tibet

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The Shiquan flow (also called Sênggê Zangbo) originating from the north of the holy Mountain Kailash, likewise near the Lake Mansarovar that Tibetan plateau, flows out from a cliff prefer a large open mouth the a male lion. Thus it is named Senge Zangbu in Tibetan, which means the river climbing from the mouth of a lion.

The top reaches that the Shiquan River have a size of 185 kilometers long, indigenous its resource to Geji County; the middle reaches space 87 kilometers long, from Geji ar to Tashigang; the downstream has actually a river size of 87 kilometers long, indigenous Tashigang to the border. There are limitless prairies, majestic snow mountains, it s as beautiful as picture hills, dreamy natural landscapes, and it is a paradise for wild animals. The mineral resources, geothermal resources, and also solar power resources are very rich here. Along the river, there are also ancient monuments such together Rirakama, Dingzhongze ceramic Ruins and also Tashigang Temple.

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After flowing the end of the Chinese territory, the Shiquan River is known together the Indus River. The flows v the Kashmir area jointly controlled by China, India, and Pakistan, and also turns southern to runs through the totality territory the Pakistan. Finally, the is injected right into the Arabian Sea through a complete length that 3,180 kilometers and a drainage area that ​​1,154,900 square kilometers. The Indus flow is the main river in Pakistan. The Indus people is among the very first major worlds in the world to enter agricultural civilization and also settle society.