Savage / Stevens Boxlock Style dual Barrel Shotguns

twin Barrel Shotguns ; Double barrels shotguns to be "the gun" because that a good many years before the repeaters came right into being. Some of these were "Work that Art", Parkers, LC Smith, Fox Sterlingworth, Winchester model 21, while others were simply working guns, these Savage/Stevens fitting the category.

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The two main kind of hammerless dual barrel shotguns room sidelock and also boxlock. All the Stevens/Savage guns were boxlock.

The Savage company reserved their name to a more deluxe double, (a pull on up version of the standard version Stevens 311) and also named that the Savage Fox model B.

Listed below is history of the two companies, i beg your pardon will help explain this article.


Stevens Armswas anAmericanfirearmsmanufacturer founded by Joshua Stevens in 1864 inChicopee Falls, MA. The company introduced the.22 long Rifleround and made a number ofrifle,shotgun, and targetpistoldesigns. By 1902 lock were heralding themselves together "the biggest producers the sporting arms in the world". They to be purchased byNew England Westinghouseon may 28, 1915 and again bySavage Armson April 1, 1920. Together a subsidiary division of Savage, Stevens continued to create firearms at your Chicopee falls facility till 1960, however in a semi-independent standing until 1942 . That plant to be torn under in1960 and the Stevens production was moved into other Savage facilities. Savage to reduce the Stevens name in 1991 but restored it in 1999 and also still uses it now for a number of its low price rifles and also shotguns.

This merger do Savage the largest producer of arms in the United says at the time.


Savage eight was established in 1894 byArthur SavageinUtica, new York. Within 20 years they were developing rifles, handguns, and ammunition. Savage introduced the an initial hammerless lever-action rifle, theModel 1895, acquired from Arthur Savage"s version 1892 rifle that he had designed forColtin a failure bid for a US army rifle contract that instead was won by theKrag–Jørgensendesign.The version 1895 won aNew York national Guardcontract, however the contract to be cancelled due to political controversy.

Savage was one of six providers to take part in the unified States army trials for a.45 calibersemi-automatic pistol, and also was called one that the two finalists before losing out toColt"s design, i m sorry would end up being theM1911 pistol. Savage marketed a series of.32and.380caliberpocket pistols, theModels 1907, 1915, and also 1917based top top the very same patents together their .45 caliber prototype.

Savage merged with theDriggs-SeaburyOrdnance firm during people War I and producedLewis maker gunsat Driggs-Seabury"s former plant inSharon, Pennsylvania. Savage also producedModel 1899 musketsfor the Montreal residence Guard during human being War I.

In 1919, Arthur Savage to be approached by chief Lame Deer to buy rifles because that his tribe in new York. Lame Deer available to permit Savage to use his image as its logo design in exchange because that discounted rifles and also an yearly fee. Together of 2018, Savage Arms to be still payment the annual fee.

In 1920, Savage boughtStevens ArmsofChicopee Falls, MA. In July 1921, a mortgage securing 5 promissory notes, each because that $21,416, to be filed in the county Clerk"s office inUticashowing that the Savage arms Corporation had actually purchased a "number of structures erected by the government" duringWorld battle Ifor raising the output of Lewis an equipment guns at the plant. The notes to be due in 1927. In 1929 Savage gained the A.H. Fox Gun company ofPhiladelphiaand relocated production to Utica. Also in 1929 Crescent Arms to be bought through Savage eight Corp.

In 1939, Savage presented theModel 24combination gun(a configuration unusual in the U.S.), which sold over a million copies.

Savage was among the couple of American makers of affordable double-barrel shotguns including theFox Sterlingworth, Fox design B, and also Stevens design 311 and produced rifles and shotguns under home brand surname for big store chains.


CRESCENT F. A. CO. Norwich, ConnecticutThe company made good quality inexpensive single and double-barrel shotguns in ~ its Norwich works, beginning around 1892. It was bought by H&D Folsom of new York City, large importers and distributors of firearms and sporting goods, for this reason they could include an American-made sidelock hammer, side-by-side to their extensive variety of imported guns. The Crescent firearms were available in 12, 16, 20, and also 28 gauges and later, 44XL shoot caliber through Damascus twisted laminated or Armory stole barrels depending on the shooter’s wants.It was an unified with Davis-Warner eight Corp. Successors to N.R. Davis & sons Co. And also became Crescent-Davis eight Corp. Crescent Arms to be bought through Savage eight Corp. In 1929. In 1932 the procedure was moved to the Stevens plant at Springfield, Mass. Where some sidelock doubles to be assembled, Crescent-Davis brand firearms remained in Steven’s full line brochure until 1941 but from 1937 to 1941 the doubles offered in the Crescent-Davis brand were on one of two people Stevens or Davis boxlock frames.


Savage likewise sold these firearms to letter order homes like Sears and also Montgomery Wards which used their own design number.

Listed below are many of the Savage/Stevens/Springfield models produced. Springfield surname was normally used top top the lower priced, keep brand models if that store did not have actually it"s own trade name, or the stimulate was little enough to no bother v a profession model. All are made on the same straightforward Savage design B frame.

Savage Fox B (Double triggers)Savage Fox BST, BSTE, BDE, BSE-C, BSE-D, BSE-E, BSE-F, BSE-H (Single Trigger)NOTE- any model that has an E behind the design number shown it had ejectors as contrasted to the common (economically come produce) extractor type.Stevens 311, 311A, 311C, 311D, 311E, 311F, 311H, 311S, 311T, 315, 315S, 330, 331, 530, 530A, 530M, 550, (Double Trigger) (here the E series does not designate Ejector)Springfield 511, 511A , 5000, 5100 (Double Trigger)

When Savage do any far-ranging change in a firearm, they included a collection letter behind the design

Old Stevens sales prochure


This to be some great information that I found from gun Digest pertaining to serial number :

1. Stevens supplied plain numbers from your first twin in 1878 until 1913.

2. Letter prefixes crept in top top the serial numbers offered on both hammer and also hammerless doubles from 1913 come 1939. They always signified a adjust in mechanical style or manufacturing process which led to an interesting variant.

3. Native 1940 to 1948 no serial number were provided on doubles, only resources letters, generally in groups of three or four, the letter(s) sometimes enclosed in a circle, in addition to an inspector’s price ( a love , a diamond, a spade or some such ‘shape’, top top the bottom that the structure behind the hinge pin.

4. Native 1948 come 1968 the letter symbols under the structure were readjusted to a ‘Capital letter through a one or 2 digit number’ in a 1/4″ circle. This was a day code which you will certainly find illustrated in the Savage-Stevens-Fox pages of her Standard catalog of Firearms.5. Indigenous October 1968 to March 1988 Savage/Stevens/Fox B doubles room serial numbered in a fully new serial number selection beginning in ~ A000001. The six digit (always) numbers, stamped just on the left next of the frame, no on the barrels or fore finish or on the wood, are preceded by resources letters native A to E. The letters execute not correlate to manufacturing years. The letter prefix add the Savage/Stevens/Fox B/Springfield serial number top top every total theymade native 1968 on.

Beginning around 1978 number 1 to 20 were also stamped ~ above the three major components, frame, barrels and fore finish iron, to allow the manufacturing facility to keep 20 firearms of like model together in a group for packing in the traditional 20 gun shipping carton.One collector only in dual guns stopped in search of numbers ~ above Savage/Stevens doubles ~ 1988 due to the fact that that’s the year lock shipped their last ‘Stevens version 311′.The highest number I have actually seen was on 20 gauge Stevens

Model 311 collection H serial number E957971.

The Savage branded imported doubles, over and unders or next by sides, room numbered differently. Each design is numbered in the selection created by its manufacturer. Together you probably have actually heard, Savage/Stevens’ manufacturing records on their older models were damaged in a sprinkler accident a variety of years ago, according to police officers of the company.


The adhering to are excerpts from a old shotgun forum.

Tenite stocks an initial appears in the 1940 Stevens/Springfield/Crescent-Davis portrayed price list on the Stevens No. 530M double. The No. 530 v a walnut stock had a dealer"s price of $19.30 and a suggested retail price of $24.00. The No. 530M had actually a dealer"s price that $18.20 and also a suggested retail price the $22.75. For $3.25 extra either might be had with a non-selective solitary trigger. Offerings to be the same for 1941 v prices up about $2 throughout the board.Post WW-II the Tenite offerings expanded to include the model 94 hammer solitary barrel, the now Stevens design 311 double barrel and also the design 22-410 end / under. Also for 1948 the new Stevens model 124 cross Bolt Repeating 12-gauge Shotgun was presented with the Tenite stock. Offerings to be the very same for Tenite stocked weapons in 1949. By 1951 the only such stock still readily available was top top the version 124 and the name Tenite wasn"t mentioned, just "durable service-proven molded plastic." by the 1952 catalogue everything is walnut or walnut finished hardwood.The assorted versions that the 20-gauge Fox version B obtained 3-inch chambers in the 1964-65 time frame. The 12-gauges version of the Fox B with twin triggers acquired 3-inch chambers in 1973. Native the catalogues it appears Savage never quite trusted their single trigger with 12-gauge 3-inch magnum recoil. I would certainly imagine the Stevens No. 311S acquired 3-inch chambers around the exact same time as the Fox design BS. Sooner or later I"ll obtain the catalogues out and also look.------------I have actually a Stevens 311A do in 1963 , 20 gauge, with 3 inch factory chambers. Ns think that it was an initial chambered because that 3" in that year (12 gauge 3" came about 10 years later). Hope this helps.---------Hi all, brand-new to the board, an excellent source the info. Currently restoring a couple of Stevens 311S and also found this post. The 311A 20 gauge I have actually was do in 1957, based on the "17I" in the oval at the front of the recipient base. (also info obtained from this site!) and also is chambered for 3" shells. The 12 gauge 311A to be made in 1951 and also has 2 3/4" chambers.------------311A"s were made beginning in 1949 i believe. Is there a circled letter on the receiver? "A" suggests 1949, "B" 1950, etc. I own a 5100, the 311"s predecessor. They are a great, high quality American made shotgun. Welcome to the board.-------------The fact that it has actually no serial # suggests that it was made prior to 1968, as soon as the Gun regulate Act that 1968 forced that all guns have serial #s.The version 311 started as the Springfield 5000 around 1920 with model designation transforming to 5100 in 1931. About 1940 it came to be the Stevens version 311. It was discontinued in 1989.If it to be manufactured in between 1949 and also 1968 there have to be a small circle through a number and also letter stamped between the trigger and the hinge pin. The letter reflects the year that manufacture. A come N = 1949 - 1961P = 1963R come V = 1964 - 1968Yours, v a circled "A", was most likely made in, or an extremely close to, 1949.Value? Well, right here we have actually a little of a discrepancy. The Standard magazine of guns values that at:Model 311A - Hammerless Boxlock:Exc. - $525V.G. - $450The Blue book values that at:Model 311 SxS (16 ga.):98% - $29595% - $24090% - $220Why the big difference? your guess is as an excellent as mine!------------The Stevens SxS"s have a date code. That is a small circle (you need a magnifying glass) through a number adhered to by a letter inside the very little circle. A=1949 B=1950... V=1968 etc. O and Q were not used. Perform not confuse this with the mfg marks i beg your pardon are lot larger, or the serial #. If it has actually a serial # it is post 68".-------------1. Stevens supplied plain numbers from your first double in 1878 until 1913.2. Letter prefixes crept in ~ above the serial numbers offered on both hammer and also hammerless doubles native 1913 to 1939. They constantly signified a adjust in mechanical architecture or manufacturing procedure which caused an amazing variant.3. Native 1940 come 1948 no serial numbers were supplied on doubles, only resources letters, normally in groups of three or four, the letter(s) periodically enclosed in a circle, in addition to an inspector’s symbol ( a love , a diamond, a spade or part such ‘shape’, on the bottom that the framework behind the hinge pin.4. Indigenous 1948 to 1968 the letter signs under the framework were changed to a ‘Capital letter with a one or two digit number’ in a 1/4? circle. This to be a day code which you will find illustrated in the Savage-Stevens-Fox pages of your Standard magazine of Firearms.5. Native October 1968 to March 1988 Savage/Stevens/Fox B doubles space serial numbered in a totally new serial number range beginning in ~ A000001. The 6 digit (always) numbers, stamped just on the left next of the frame, not on the barrels or fore end or on the wood, are came before by resources letters from A to E. The letters perform not correlate to production years. The letter prefix attach the Savage/Stevens/FoxB/Springfield serial number ~ above every gun they make from 1968 on. Beginning around 1978 number 1 to 20 were also stamped ~ above the three major components, frame, barrels and also fore finish iron, to enable the manufacturing facility to keep 20 weapons of like design together in a team for packing in the standard 20 gun shipping carton.Yours is one of these. Because I to be interested just in twin guns ns stopped trying to find numbers top top Savage’Stevens doubles after ~ 1988 since that’s the year lock shipped their last ‘Stevens model 311".The greatest number I have actually seen was on 20 gauge Stevens model 311 collection H serial number E957971. The Savage branded imported doubles, over and also unders or side by sides, are numbered differently. Each design is numbered in the variety created through its manufacturer. As you probably have actually heard, Savage/Stevens’ production records on your older models were destroyed in a sprinkler accident around 35 years ago, according to policemans of the company.To calculation an approximate variety of ‘Stevens design 311s’ that were make from 1968 to 1988 you could do this mathematics exercise. Due to the fact that Savage used 5 letter (A come E), each on 999,999 guns, castle must have actually made about 5 million guns. Maybe 40% were doubles in the miscellaneous Savage Brands and also Private Brands. That provides 2 million doubles of i m sorry I estimate 80% to be Stevens 311"s. And that’s no counting production before 1968. No wonder the “311? in its assorted variations is the every time favorite American made double.And think how countless Stevens 311s ( and also Stevens do doubles the looked prefer Stevens 311s but carried exclusive brands) had currently been developed in the years in between 1940 (first year that the ‘true’ Stevens version 311) and also 1968, throughout which time they no serial numbered in ~ all! There must be at the very least 4 million Stevens model 311s, in one kind or another, the end there!-----------Savage eight no longer answers questions about old Stevens guns. ----------

Savage SS /DB / OU shotgun date codeA 1949 B 1950 C 1951D 1952 E 1953 F 1954G 1955 H 1956 i 1957J 1958 K 1959 together 1960M 1961 N 1962 ns 1963R 1964 S 1965 T 1966U 1967 V 1968 W 1969X1970"Collectors will discover a date code stamped top top every double-barrel shotgun in the Stevens brands produced between March 1949 and December 1968. Usually, it is behind the hinge pin or front of the cause guard top top the bottom that the frame. That will appear as a tiny circle comprise a number and also a letter. The letters correspond come the years displayed in the adhering to table. Definition of the numbers is no known."**From web page 1101 that Ned Schwing"s 2004 Standard brochure of Firearms, 14th Edition, released by Krause publications of Iola, WI.I would choose to add that i have discovered this circle, or oval, include one or two numbers plus a single letter, just around anywhere and everywhere ~ above the frame, but only top top the exterior of the frame, never ever inside. I have likewise found the circle or oval v letters and also numbers ~ above the barrel clusters, top top the shooting barrel or on the barrel assembly lug block. When the letter in ~ the circle always match on factory matching barrel and frame, the numbers never match, or at the very least that has constantly been my experience. These day Codes are additionally present ~ above the model 94 frames and also barrels, and I am sure on countless others.The point out on the inside of the frame, wherein the lower barrel seats once closed, room what ns would speak to assembly stampings, and match framework to barrel, uncovered on underside of shoot barrel close to forend lug, and also sometimes found on the target stock under the target plate. ~EE Gunsmithing information ; ~ above this series of shotguns, numerous parts will certainly interchange, but here to be some inner changes, like hammers that are different, in addition to parts for smaller gauges. Safeties and extractors usually interchanged. Cause guards would interchange no matter the configuration. Create guards were originally a pot steel casting, climate a straightforward stamped the end sheet steel one. The Fox Bs were a much more elaborate stole casting. Forends and the hanger brackets went with a the majority of changes.

Frames were likewise different as the early on ones in ~ the rear had scallops on every side, where the later on models the framework was flat vertically.

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because that those of friend who do not recognize the native Tenite when offered in stocks. That was essentially a plastic molded, checkered stock, both buttstock and also forearm, utilizing a simple brown with a black swirly pattern, simulating wood. This buttstocks showed rather weak in ~ the junction whereby the tang was, with most being cracked.

In the LH image below, keep in mind the scalloped prior contour in between the receiver and also stock. The RH photo below, this stock supposedly came off among the 311s that was shipped to the united state Navy.