There is a subtle difference in between data and also information. Data room the facts or details native which information is derived. Individual piece of data space rarely helpful alone. For data to become information, data needs to it is in put into context.

You are watching: The following is data converted into meaningful and useful context.


Comparison chart

Data versus information comparison chart DataInformationMeaning Example Etymology
Data is raw, unorganized facts that should be processed. Data deserve to be something basic and look at random and also useless till it is organized. When data is processed, organized, structured or presented in a provided context so as to make it useful, that is dubbed information.
Each student"s test score is one item of data. The typical score of a class or the the whole school is info that can be obtained from the provided data.
"Data" originates from a singular Latin word, datum, which originally meant "something given." the early usage dates earlier to the 1600s. Over time "data" has become the many of datum. "Information" is an older word that dates ago to the 1300s and has Old French and also Middle English origins. That has always referred come "the action of informing, " normally in regard come education, instruction, or other understanding communication.

Data vs. Info - distinctions in Meaning


"The numbers have actually no means of speaking because that themselves. Us speak for them. We imbue them through meaning." —Statistician Nate silver- in the book The Signal and also the Noise

Data are just facts or figures — bits of information, yet not information itself. When data room processed, interpreted, organized, structured or presented so regarding make them systematic or useful, lock are referred to as information. Information offers context because that data.

For example, a perform of days — data — is meaningless there is no the information that makes the days relevant (dates of holiday).

"Data" and also "information" room intricately tied together, whether one is recognizing them as two different words or using them interchangeably, together is typical today. Whether they are supplied interchangeably depends somewhat on the consumption of "data" — its context and grammar.

Examples the Data and Information

The background of temperature readings anywhere the human being for the previous 100 year is data. If this data is organized and also analyzed to discover that an international temperature is rising, then the is information. The variety of visitors to a website by country is an instance of data. Finding the end that website traffic from the U.S. Is increasing while that from Australia is decreasing is coherent information.

"Misleading" Data

Because data needs to it is in interpreted and analyzed, that is quite feasible — indeed, very probable — that it will certainly be construed incorrectly. Once this leader to erroneous conclusions, the is stated that the data space misleading. Frequently this is the result of incomplete data or a lack of context. Because that example, your investment in a mutual fund may be up through 5% and also you might conclude the the money managers are doing a an excellent job. However, this might be misleading if the major stock industry indices are up by 12%. In this case, the fund has underperformed the market significantly.

Video Explaining the Differences

Etymology

"Data" comes from a singular Latin word, datum, which originally meant "something given." that early usage dates back to the 1600s. Gradually "data" has end up being the plural of datum.

"Information" is an older word that dates back to the 1300s and also has Old French and Middle English origins. The has always referred to "the act of informing," typically in regard come education, instruction, or other knowledge communication.

Grammar and also Usage

While "information" is a mass or uncountable noun that takes a singular verb, "data" is technically a many noun that deserves a plural verb (e.g., The data room ready.). The singular type of "data" is datum — definition "one fact" — a native which has actually mostly fallen out of usual use yet is quiet widely well-known by plenty of style guides (e.g., The datum proves she point.).

In usual usage that is less likely to acknowledge datum, "data" has become a mass noun in countless cases and also takes top top a singular verb (e.g., The data is ready.). When this happens, it is very easy for "data" and also "information" to be used interchangeably (e.g., The details is ready.).

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References


Anonymous comments (5)

July 22, 2011, 10:13pm

010101001110100101010 is data which deserve to be interpreted as a greeting which climate exists as information in the interpreter.The interpreter could be human, computer system or any kind of other entity having procedural capacities i beg your pardon render the data "informative".At this allude we cannot consider the data rendered as information however only "informative" since only procedural, algorithmic firm will be involved. Our current day computers can perform this. In the example above they could be designed come recognise the above data string, instructed come recognise that it is a product of loved one primes, and also then to rearrange it into a quadrilateral. Come the computer system it would not it is in information,only data rendered "informative", however to a human being it would be a greeting (interpreted from visual data top top a computer system screen).

— 151.✗.✗.218

January 12, 2014, 4:49am

Data is an unprocessd info. If info.is processd data simple!

— 37.✗.✗.173

June 8, 2014, 11:33am

data refer to raw fact and figure that have to be handle in stimulate to bring meaningful information

— 185.✗.✗.14

June 23, 2008, 7:59am

for zb . Mean we have marksheet through us , now in this instance we have marks together the data and also the finish marksheet is information.

— 59.✗.✗.112

June 23, 2008, 7:50am

this is becuase the life data the is marks do not give any information to united state , while from the processed data the is the various sorts of info in marksheet like full marks, portion , department etc we obtain some information regarding where the college student stands in class. (at what place etc.)