What space the Three ways to charge an Object

The positively charged particles in one atom are dubbed protons. The negatively fee particles are dubbed electrons. Usually, the atom together a whole is composed of an equal variety of positive and negative charges, and in together a case the atom is said to it is in electrically neutral. If, however, the charges are not balanced, the object will have actually an electric charge (positive fee if proton are much more in number than electrons and negative charge if electrons are much more in number than protons).

You are watching: The three ways to charge an object are:

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If two objects having actually the same type of charge (i.e., positive-positive or negative-negative) are carried close together, castle repel each other (i.e., push each other away) . If, however, the two objects space oppositely charged (positive-negative or negative-positive), they lure each other (i.e., pull towards each other) . Therefore, we deserve to say, choose charges repel each other and unlike charges attract each other.

Charging an Object

As discussed above, atoms usually have equal number of positive and negative charges, and also are, therefore, electrically neutral. This is the factor why most objects approximately us space electrically neutral. One electrically neutral object deserve to be charged (i.e., offered an electric charge) by using any type of of the following methods.

Charging by friction: This type of charging is done by rubbing one product with another. The most typical examples room rubbing glass v silk, and ebonite (a kind of tough rubber) v wool. Once a glass stick is rubbed with a item of silk, an unfavorable charges room transferred from glass come silk. The glass stick is, therefore, left v a hopeful charge and the piece of silk acquires a an adverse charge.
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Similarly, if one ebonite rod is rubbed with wool, an unfavorable charges walk from the piece of wool to the ebonite rod. The ebonite rod becomes negatively charged and the piece of structure becomes positively charged.
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Charging through conduction: An object can likewise be charged by touching it come a fee body. Because that example, if us take a charged glass rod and also touch it come a steel object, the steel object will additionally get a charge. This is called charging by conduction. The nature the the charge obtained will be the same as that of the charging body. In this case, the steel object will also get the same nature of fee (positive) together the glass rod.
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Charging by induction: In charging by induction, charging is done without poignant the charged body to the object that needs to be charged. Because that example, a charged glass pole is brought close come a metal object, but does no touch it.

ActivityAim: To entice bits of document using a charged rulerMaterials needed: A plastic ruler and tiny bits that paperMethod: run the ruler through your hair several times. Then host the leader close to the piece of paper.

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Observation: The bits of record are attractive to the fee ruler.


Filed Under: Chemistry Tagged With: Charging an Object, Charging by conduction, Charging through friction, Charging by induction