THE TROPIC of Capricorn is one imaginary heat encircling the planet at the latitude the 23 levels 30 minutes south the the equator. That is the farthest southerly latitude at i m sorry the sun can appear directly overhead. The is the southern counterpart to the TROPIC of CANCER. Below this line is the southern temperate zone and north of the line room the tropics. The Tropic the Capricorn is so named since 2,000 years ago, once it to be discovered that the sun appeared directly overhead at this latitude during the winter solstice, it to be entering the zodiac constellation sign of Capricorn. The sun now appears in the constellation that Sagittarius at its southernmost point.

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The hatchet Capricorn comes from the Latin words caper “goat” and also cornu “horn” and is among the 12 constellations in the zodiac. The Tropic that Capricorn is one that the five major circles that latitude that space on maps the the Earth. The one of latitude are imaginary rings approximately the Earth and comprise the clues that have the very same value of latitude in relation to the sun. The five significant circles the latitude room the ARCTIC CIRCLE (66.5 degrees N), the Tropic that Cancer (23.5 degrees N), the Equator (0 degrees N), the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5 levels S) and the ANTARCTIC one (66.5 degrees S). A one of latitude is recognized as a parallel, because the circles of latitude room at fixed distances apart and on some maps they show up parallel.

The Tropic of Capricorn is the southern boundary of the tropics. This parallel marks the farthest point south in ~ which the sun can be seen straight overhead at noon, south of the parallel the sun appears less than 90 degrees from the north horizon at any type of time during the year. The sunlight reaches that is vertical position over the Tropic that Capricorn on about December 21–22 which is the summer solstice for the southerly Hemisphere.

The tropics or Torrid zone comprises the area situated between the Tropic that Cancer at the latitude 23.5 degrees N and the Tropic that Capricorn in ~ 23.5 degrees S. Every point within the tropics obtain the perpendicular rays that the sunlight at noon on at least one day of the year. The sun is directly overhead in ~ the latitude of 23.5 degrees N ~ above June 21–22, the summer solstice, and in ~ a latitude that 23.5 levels S ~ above December 21–22, the winter solstice.

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The tropic zone in between the Tropics the Cancer and Capricorn receive the beam of the sun more directly than locations in higher latitudes. The typical annual temperature the the tropics is greater and the seasonal changes of temperature space not as diverse as in various other zones. The seasons in the tropics room not indicated by temperature however by trade winds off the oceans which generate seasonal rains referred to as monsoons over the eastern coasts. Several determinants determine climatic changes in ~ the tropic zone; street from the ocean, prevailing wind conditions, and elevation. The tropics are residence to the world's large regions the tropical RAINFORESTS. The AMAZON and Congo are instances of the dry rainforest areas in the tropic zone.