1. Few monarchs have actually ruled because that longer.Born in 1638, luigi XIV became king at period 4 adhering to the fatality of his father, luigi XIII, and remained on the throne for the next 72 years. This point out him as both the longest-reigning French king in yellowcomic.com and also the longest-reigning king of any extant europe nation.
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2. Louis’ mother served together his regent.
In his will, louis XIII arranged because that a regency board of directors to ascendancy on his young son’s behalf. But his Habsburg wife, ann of Austria, orchestrated an annulment that the council and took over as single regent. In that capacity, she and her chef minister, Italian-born Cardinal Jules Mazarin, ran afoul of the country’s nobles and also judges, who rose up versus the crown in a collection of rebellions native 1648 come 1653. Mazarin was eventually able to crush the dissenters, yet not before Louis XIV suffered numerous perceived humiliations, consisting of twice having to flee Paris. From then on, luigi XIV distrusted not only aristocrats and also commoners alike, but additionally Paris itself.
3. He ruled without a chef minister.
As a young man, luigi XIV mainly left the decision-making come Mazarin, his mentor and also godfather. Yet when Mazarin passed away in 1661, the 22-year-old instantly informed his astonished court the he would henceforth rule without a chef minister—something no French king had done because that generations. Though numerous officials supposedly expected that to quickly bore of this role, he continued carrying the end the routine, monotonous work of government for the rest of his life. Sitting in on the supervisory board meetings, composing letters, reading documents, hosting foreign representatives and planning armed forces strategy, he all the when consolidated strength in his own hands.
4. Louis thought about himself God’s representative on Earth.
Although louis XIV go not invent the “divine appropriate of kings” doctrine, which hosted that monarchs acquired their government from God and also were thus entitled to wield absolute power, that was certainly an adherent. That made a certain point of shortcut himself v the Greek and also Roman sunlight god Apollo, adopting the sunlight as his emblem and even play Apollo in a royal ballet. Like numerous other kings, louis XIV likewise claimed to possess miraculous healing powers. On significant holidays he went about touching those infected v scrofula (also well-known as tuberculosis of the neck).
5. The was quite open about his infidelities.In 1660 louis XIV married Marie-Thérèse, the daughter of Spain’s king, a politics expedient relocate that cemented peace in between the 2 nations. Yet he also took on a cable of mistresses, 3 of whom obtained semi-official status, showing up next to him at church and also even walk off v him come war. Amongst other benefits, the very first of those three became a duchess, the second received a chateau through 1,200 gardeners, and also the third wed luigi XIV in a secret ceremony complying with the death of the queen. Plenty of of his illegitimate children, meanwhile, were provided a ideal education and considered part of imperial society.
6. He to be a spiritual bigot.
A devout Catholic, luigi XIV believed in the motto, “one king, one law, one faith.” To the end, that mercilessly cracked down on the country’s Protestants, recognized as Huguenots, who made up approximately 5 percent the the population. The coup de grâce came in 1685, when, in revoking the nearly century-old Edict of Nantes, he stripped castle of all religious and polite liberties. Numerous Huguenots who ongoing practicing their faith were put to death and at the very least 200,000 others fled France for an ext tolerant lands. At roughly the very same time, louis XIV expelled all Jews from the French West Indies. He also went after various other Catholics who didn’t adhere come his narrow view of the faith, such together the Jansenists, who thought that humanity was naturally corrupt and also that God bestowed salvation arbitrarily. In 1709 he banished the nuns from the movement’s key convent and soon after ~ ordered the destruction, every the when lobbying the pope come condemn Jansenism as heretical.
7. He was constantly in ~ war.
Disingenuously declare the Spanish Netherlands (roughly equivalent to present-day Belgium) as the inheritance the his wife, luigi XIV introduced the battle of Devolution in 1667. This invasion, together with the Dutch war (1672-1678) and also the battle of the Reunions (1683-1684), netted him a number of brand-new territories the remain part of France to this day. Yet in aggressively widening his borders, he attracted the enmity of lot of the remainder of Europe, which joined in a “Grand Alliance” against him throughout the following two conflicts: the ripe Years’ war (1688-1697) and also the war of the Spanish sequence (1701-1714). With many lives lost, disease and scarcity rampant, the economic climate in shambles and also taxes high, louis XIV had actually an apparent readjust of heart late in life. “Do not follow the bad example that i have set for you,” a dying Louis told his heir. “I have regularly undertaken war as well lightly and have sustained it for vanity. Carry out not imitate me, yet be a tranquil prince.”
8. Louis own the expect Diamond.
As one could expect indigenous the creator the the 700-room royal residence of Versailles, luigi XIV knew a point or two about luxury. Among his prized possessions to be an enormous diamond, then dubbed the French Blue, i beg your pardon purportedly created the dazzling illusion the a sunlight at its facility when positioned versus a gold background. Stolen throughout the French Revolution, well after louis XIV’s death, that reemerged in good Britain years later with a new cut and also then bounced about from one owner come another. Now recognized as the hope Diamond, this 45.52-carat stone, arguably the most famed jewel in the world, is housed at the Smithsonian’s natural yellowcomic.com Museum in Washington, D.C. Not till 2009, as soon as a lead replica the the French Blue turn up, did experts confirm definitively that the French Blue and also the expect Diamond are one and the same.
9. His follower was France’s second-longest-reigning monarch.
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In the last couple of years that his life, luigi XIV endured through a series of household tragedies. First, in 1711, his son and also heir apparent died that smallpox. Then, the complying with year, measles asserted the stays of a grandson and also a great-grandson, and also a lover granddaughter-in-law. 2 grandsons still remained alive. But one passed away in the aftermath of a 1714 searching accident, and the other was forced to renounce the French throne as part of a deal in i m sorry he stayed ruler of Spain. Luigi XIV was now down to just one potential heir: a sickly great-grandson. Though in desperation he asserted that two of his illegitimate boy could become king if his direct line died out, it never concerned that. Acquisition over at age 5, his great-grandson would go on to govern France because that the next 59 years as Louis XV.
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