Use this calculator come estimate exactly how much sand in volume (cubic ft, cubic yards, or cubic meters) or load (tons & pounds, tonnes and also kilograms) you would certainly need. It uses conventional sand density.

You are watching: Weight of cubic foot of sand

Calculating exactly how much sand you need

Many builders and also gardeners are faced with calculating or estimating the lot of sand they must fill a given room with sand. Our sand calculator is of great utility in together cases, however you have to keep in mind that the results will only be as good as the dimensions entered. The calculation process is as follows:

Estimate the volume the sand needed, utilizing geometrical formulas and also plans or measurements.The approximate thickness of sand is 1600 kg/m3 (100 lb/ft3).Multiply the volume by the density (in the very same units) to acquire the weight

There is finer and an ext coarse sand, so the density, measured for dry sand in kg every cubic meter or pounds per cubic feet, the your details shipment might vary. Because that this reason, and due come potential loses / waste, girlfriend should take into consideration buying 5-6% much more sand 보다 estimated so friend don"t run just brief of what you need in the end.

Square or rectangle-shaped area

The volume formula because that a rectangle-shaped (or square) crate in cubic feet is height(ft) x width(ft) x length(ft), as seen in the figure below:


For example, to to fill a box v a width of 3ft and a length of 6ft, come a depth that 1ft, you need to multiply 1ft x 3ft x 6ft = 18ft3 (cubic feet) that sand.

Round area

If the area you desire to cover, or the shape you want to fill is round, the calculate is a bit different:


The volume the a figure with a round foundation is its height times the area that its foundation. To calculate the foundation area we require its diameter, because the formula is π x r2, wherein r is the radius, or diameter/2.

Irregularly shame area

In instance the area you space calculating has actually an irregular shape what you want to perform is division it in numerous regularly-shaped sections, calculate their volume and also sand requirements and then sum them up together. In case you finish up needing to perform this for a huge number of sections, you might use ours summation calculator.

Sand basics

Sand is a naturally arising granular material which is written of finely divided rock and also mineral particles, rounded and also polished come a varying extent. Sand deserve to be believed of together finer gravel, or coarser silt. In part cases, "sand" refers to a textural class of soil, the is - a soil which has more than 85% of its mass consisted of of sand-sized particles. Sand is a renewable source in the long run, yet in human being timescale the is almost non-renewable. Sand is a major component of concrete and due come the high need for concrete because that construction, perfect for concrete sand is also in high demand.

The most common constituent that sand in inland continental settings and also non-tropical seaside settings is silica quartz (silicon dioxide - SiO2). The second most common form of sand, mainly encountered in islands and near the sea, is calcium lead carbonate which is produced by miscellaneous life-forms, choose coral and shellfish. Of course, the exact composition will vary depending on local absent sources and also conditions throughout the development of the pebbles.


Sand for domestic or garden usage is usually marketed in small packets of number of pounds / kilograms, and for bigger projects in bags the 40, 60 or 80 lbs - 25kg or 50kg in Europe and other places. For building work, concrete mixing, etc. That is marketed by the tonne and also comes in trucks.

varieties and grades of sand

Contrary to what you might think, there is more than one form of sand, through the dimension of its pebbles and it"s intended use <2>. Picking the right type and size is crucial, as part sands have actually a different application 보다 others.

Sand typesTypeDescription
20-30 Sandn-standard sand, graded to pass a 850μm sieve and also be retained on a 600μm sieve.
Graded Sandn-standard sand, graded in between the 600μm sieve and the 150μm sieve.
Standard Sandn-silica sand, composed practically entirely of normally rounded seed of nearly pure quartz (used for mortars and testing that hydraulic cements).

Standard sand, in addition, candlestick be irradiate grey or whitish color, have to be cost-free from silt and the grains must be angular, however a small percentage of flaky or rounded particles room permissible. Part manufacturers refer the grade and type of the sand in other ways, e.g. "river sand" (a.k.a. "sharp sand", "builder"s sand", "grit sand", "concrete sand"), "masonry sand", "M-10 sand" (granite sand), "play sand", each being finer and more expensive 보다 the ahead one.

What is the density of sand?

The thickness of typical sand is 100 lb/ft3 (1600 kg/m3). This coincides to moderately wet sand and is the number supplied in the calculator.

How lot does a yard3 the sand weigh?

A cubic yard of typical sand weighs around 2700 pounds or 1.35 tons. A square yard the a sandbox through a depth the 1 foot (30.48 cm) weighs about 900 pounds (410 kg) or slightly less than half a ton. The water content of the sand is presume to it is in moderate.

How much does a cubic meter that sand weigh?

A cubic meter of common sand weighs 1,600 kilograms 1.6 tonnes. A square meter sandbox v a depth the 35 cm weighs around 560 kg or 0.56 tonnes. The numbers are derived using this sand calculator.

How much is a ton the sand?

A ton that sand is typically about 0.750 cubic yards (3/4 cu yd), or 20 cubic feet. Sand is assumed fairly damp, since adding water have the right to increase or diminish the density of the sand significantly (e.g. If it was raining or if you dig up and also leave sand under the sun so water evaporates).

How much is a tonne that sand?

A tonne of moderately damp sand typically fills about 0.625 m3 (cubic meters). It can be an ext or less thick depending ~ above water content and the dimension of the sand particles.

Ton vs tonne, loads vs tonnes

When calculating the sand"s weight, make certain you execute not confused the tonne (metric ton) through the ton (short ton). The an initial one is supplied by all nations in the world and is defined to be equal to 1000 kg by the worldwide body the standardization. The ton is right now only supplied in the joined States and is equal to 2000 pounds (2000 lbs). The difference in between the 2 is not substantial but have the right to quickly add up to a far-ranging number together the quantity increases.

See more: How Many Miles Is 13000 Feet To Miles, Feet To Miles Converter


<1> Krinsley D.H., Smalley I.J. (1972) "Sand", American Scientist 60:286-291

<2> ASTM C-778 - 17 "Standard Specification for traditional Sand"

Cite this calculator & page

If you"d like to cite this virtual calculator source and info as listed on the page, you deserve to use the following citation: Georgiev G.Z., "Sand Calculator", available at: URL .