southern Africa has a coastline of some 3 000 km, Namibia 1 572 km and also Mozambique 2 470km. This component of the african continent is located close to 3 Oceans, namely the southern Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean and the southern Ocean. The southern guideline of the african continent is exposed to the weather storms produced in the southern Ocean, and also the waves erode beaches and influence on shipping (using the Cape Route) and also ports.

Atlantic Ocean

Area 106,400,000 km² (marginal seas included).Average depth 3,310 m (marginal seas included).2nd largest of people oceans. occupies an s-shaped basin extending longitudinally native the americas in the west to Europe and also Africa in the east. The boundaries of the south Atlantic ocean are characterized by the equator come the north, south America to the west, Drake’s passage in the southwest which web links it come the Pacific Ocean, Africa to the east, the 60° parallel to the southern where the meets the southerly Ocean, and to the southeast the 20° eastern meridian to run from Cape Agulhas come the Southern s boundary, i beg your pardon is also where the southern Atlantic meets the Indian Ocean. 2 most significant bottom topography (bathymetric) attributes are the center Atlantic Ridge (runs N come S indigenous Iceland come 58 °S) and Walvis Ridge (runs ~NE come SW because that 1000s miles off coast of southern Africa).

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Indian Ocean

Area 74,000,000 km² (marginal seas included). Average depth 3,840 m (marginal seas included). Third largest ocean on earth surface. Its northern boundary is south Asia, come the west it is bounded by Africa, the east, by Indochina, the Sunda Islands and also Australia, and also the Southern ocean is the southern boundary. The the youngest that the significant oceans; energetic spreading ridges encompass Carlsberg Ridge, Southwest Indian Ridge, south-east Indian Ridge, and the main Indian Ridge. The Ninety east Ridge runs north-south in ~ meridian 90°E, dissecting the Indian Ocean right into eastern and also western halves. Another submerged mountain selection runs roughly north-south between the Atolls of the Maldives and also the Chagos Archipelago.


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The Kerguelen Plateau is a large submerged continent, of volcano origin, in the southerly Indian Ocean.The Mascarene Plateau is a 2000 km long undersea plateau that lies east of Madagascar.

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