Many plants have flowers that assist them to make seed in order come reproduce. You can learn around these plants on our flowering plants page. However, part plants perform not use flowers come reproduce. These plants are called non-flowering plants.There are two main groups of non-flowering plants. Plants that use spores to reproduce and plants that usage seeds come reproduce. The non-flowering plants that usage seeds are called gymnosperms.

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The leaves (needles) of a non-flowering spruce tree
GymnospermsGymnosperm method "naked seeds". Castle are dubbed this since their seeds are open to the air with no extending such as the seed of flower plants. One of the significant groups the gymnosperm plants is the conifer.ConifersThe native "conifers" means "bearing cones." Conifers space plants that usage cones to house their seeds. Conifers space woody plants and also most of them space trees such as pine trees, firs, cypresses, junipers, cedars, and redwoods.ConesConifers reproduce making use of their cones. Some cones are male and also some space female. The male cones relax pollen. This pollen is brought by the wind. If the pollen soil on a female cone, climate the woman cone will create seeds. The difficult scales of the cone protect the new seeds together they grow.SeedsThe seeds of a conifer room winged seeds. When they space released by the cone, they will float on the wind till they reach the ground wherein they will germinate and also grow.
SporesThere are some non-flowering plants the don"t produce seeds. Instead, they use spores come reproduce. Spore producing plants include plants such as mosses and also ferns.Spores space tiny biology that typically contain just a solitary cell. Plants that make spores produce vast numbers of them. Since they are so small and light, they can be spread by the wind to brand-new locations where they have the right to grow.MossesMosses room soft and spongy plants that commonly only grow a couple of inches tall. They tend to thrive together in clumps. Mosses don"t have actually flowers or seeds, yet use spores come reproduce. They also don"t have common roots like most plants, however anchor us to rocks and soil with quick growths called rhizoids.FernsAnother type of spore creating plant is the fern. Ferns produce spore casings ~ above the underside of their leaves. This look prefer brown spots. At some suggest the casings dried out and also the spores room released into the air.Interesting Facts around Non-Flowering PlantsThe pipeline of ferns are called fronds.Scientists estimate that some varieties of ferns have been around for end 350 million years.Conifers regularly have needle shame leaves. Needles are tough, don"t dry out, and will not quickly fall off in high winds. This helps conifers to survive in cold, windy, and also dry climates.There are over 12,000 different species of mosses.Mosses often tend to grow in damp locations with many of shade.

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