l>The story of the atom. Atoms shedding bits.

You are watching: What happens to an atom when it loses an electron

logo3. Separating atomspage 9Atoms shedding bitsThe electrons the whiz about outside the nucleus have actually a negative charge. Lock are organized in the atom through the optimistic charge the the nucleus. This electrostatic attraction is component of among the straightforward forces the nature – electromagnetism.

Interactive atom becoming an ionPicture 3.1 A neutral atom that loses one electron becomes a positive ion.Neutral atomsIn plain matter, the variety of electrons in an atom is the same as the variety of protons. The positive and an adverse charges balance every other. Overall, the atom is uncharged (neutral).

However, if something wake up to make an atom shed or get an electron then the atom will no much longer be neutral.

Atoms or ionsAn atom the gains or loses an electron becomes an ion. If the gains a an unfavorable electron, it becomes a an adverse ion. If it loses an electron it becomes a positive ion (see page 10 for more on ions).

When a whole group of atom (usually as part of one insulator) acquire or shed electrons, this will cause static electricity (see page 11 for more on electrostatics).

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navigation barQuestion 8Look in ~ the numbers of particles in the atoms below. In each case, decision whether the atom is neutral or charged. In the critical four, you will have to say even if it is it has end up being an ion and also what the net charge is.elementsprotonselectronssodium1111please chooseneutralchargedsodium1110please chooseneutralchargedoxygen89please chooseneutralchargedoxygen88please chooseneutralchargediron2624please chooseatompositive ionnegative ioniron2623please chooseatompositive ionnegative ionhydrogen10please chooseatompositive ionnegative ionhydrogen11please chooseatompositive ionnegative ion