On this page, we"ll watch at just how to translate into French sentences suchas I"m going come France, he"s walking to occupational etc. But what we saywill use to other sentences together well.
You are watching: What is going on in french
In English, it"s yellowcomic.commmon to usage the indigenous am, are, is etcwith a word ending in -ing. For example: am working, space waitingis going. To translate these into French, the an initial step is normally to removethe -ing, so the we"re left through the "basic" word: work, wait,go.
Then, we look increase this basic form in ours dictionary. Feather up walk inthe English-French dictionaryon this site, because that example, provides an entry looking as follows:
As in many cases, the totality entry is split into several sections. Each ar givestranslations and also examples that a particular use of the verb go. Because that now, we"ll yellowcomic.comncentrateon the an initial part, significant (a), which gives the most basic use. The simple translationof go as indicated in the dictionary entry is the word aller.
Now, simply as the English word go changes its type (going, gone etc),so go the French indigenous aller. Therefore we need to find out i beg your pardon particular form of theword aller we require for our particular sentence.
To find out about the different forms the the French native aller, we switchto the French-English sideof the dictionary and look up aller. We check out that there space two version of theFrench indigenous aller: one that method "outward journey" (which isn"t the one us wanthere), but an additional that, reassuringly, method "to go". Under this component of theentry, we find a section in between horizontal lines that looks as follows:
This is the section that"s going come tell united state which particular kind of words allerwe need. To do a sentence definition I"m going, he"s going and so on that speak abouta "present" action (or in fact, an action that"s around to happen), we need the formsunder the heading significant Present. These forms are always provided in a details order, acyellowcomic.comrding tothe topic (the "person delivering out the action"). In French, the yellowcomic.commmon topics are:
je = Itu = girlfriend (talking to a single friend)il = heelle = shenous = wevous = you (multiple civilization or speak to somebody who"s not a friend)ils = they (males or a mixture the male/female)elles = they (females)Suggest a readjust / proposez une modification
So, because that example, to say I"m going, we read off the form listed with je; tosay you"re going, if speaking to a friend, we read off the kind listed with tu.To say he"s going and also she"s going, we view that the French form is essentiallythe same, however we should choose between il or elle:
|je vais...||I"m going...|
|tu vas...||you"re going...|
|il va...||he"s going...|
|elle va...||she"s going...|
|nous allons...||we"re going...|
|vous allez...||you"re going... (speaking to much more than one person, or come somebody not a friend)|
|ils vont...||they"re going... (speaking around males or a mixture that males/females)|
|elles vont...||they"re going... (speaking around females)|
Where space we going...?
To do je vais..., tu vas... and so on into a yellowcomic.commplete sentnce, we need to adda expression to say where the human being in question is walking (in the indigenous of thedictionary entry, the "destination"). The thesaurus entry actually has some instances ofhow to carry out this, but we"ll look at in much more detail at how to carry out this. Essentially, us havetwo problems:we require to choose the best French word because that "to"; we can need to interpret the name of the place.
Which word we usage for "to" counts on the kind of place (name the a town/city,name of a yellowcomic.comuntry, surname of a place where an task is carried out such together a bank,shop etc).
going come a town/city
This is often the most basic case. The French word because that "to" is almost alwaysà when followed by the surname of a town or city. Because that example:
je vais à LeedsI"m going to Leedselle va à Manchestershe"s going to ManchesterSuggest a adjust / proposez une modification
A slight an obstacle is that a couple of towns and also cities have actually French names the aredifferent from English, an especially capital cities:
ils vont à LondresThey"re going come Londonnous allons à BruxellesWe"re going come BrussellsSuggest a adjust / proposez une modification
There are likewise a couple of towns that have actually the native Le "built in" to thestart that the name, e.g. Le Havre, Le Mans. In this case, Lemay beyellowcomic.comme au (because in basic in French, à + le = au):
Il va au MansHe"s going to Le MansSuggest a readjust / proposez une modification
However, this is optional: it is still possible to speak e.g.
Il va à Le HavreHe"s going to Le HavreSuggest a readjust / proposez une modification
going to a yellowcomic.comuntry
Before a yellowcomic.comuntry name, "to" is usually analyzed as follows:en through a feminine yellowcomic.comuntry or woman yellowcomic.comuntry startingwith a yellowcomic.comnsonant (practically all yellowcomic.comuntries finishing in -e1); au with a woman yellowcomic.comuntry (most other yellowcomic.comuntries); aux v a plural yellowcomic.comuntry (e.g. États-Unis); à with a yellowcomic.comuntry that is additionally an island (e.g. Cuba).
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|je vais au CanadaI"m going to Canada||je vais en AngleterreI"m going to England||je vais aux États-UnisI"m going to the US||je vais à CubaI"m going come Cuba|
|il va au Mexiquehe"s going come Mexiyellowcomic.com||il va en Francehe"s going come France||il va aux Pays-Bashe"s going to the Netherlands||il va à Maltehe"s going to Malta|
|elle va au Royaume-Unishe"s going to the UK||elle va en Italieshe"s going come Italy||elle va aux Philippinesshe"s going come the Philippines||elle va à Chypreshe"s going to Cyprus|
1. Mexique (Mexiyellowcomic.com) is masculine: Il va au Mexique.
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