A the majority of readers of The Crucible have the same question: why has actually Reverend Hale returned to Salem in action 4?This is a short short article detailing the reasons behind Hale"s decision come return.If you"re confused about what his motivations are and what he hopes to accomplish, review on because that a complete explanation.
Why Is This question Tricky?
At the finish of action 3, Reverend Hale quits the court in Salem out of frustration due to the fact that he sees that irrationality and also hysteria have actually taken end the proceedings. However, in plot 4, we learn that he has actually returned come Salem to speak v the prisoners and convince them to confess. This is a little confusing - why would certainly he return to Salem to convince world to confess if he believes the they"re innocent? together I"ll define in the next two sections, Hale has shifted his ethical compass slightly to accomodate his own guilt.
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Guilt and also its counterpart, issue for reputation, room both common themes in The Crucible, i m sorry makes expertise the answer come this question necessary for an efficient reading the the play.
Hale has actually returned to Salem in act 4 due to the fact that he establish himself together the initial instigator the the eventually unfounded witch hysteria, and he doesn’t desire to finish up through the blood the innocent world on his hands (or at the very least innocent civilization who are widely respected prefer Rebecca Nurse and also John Proctor).His goal is to persuade the condemned detainees to authorize their names to false confessions.
Hale has managed to convince himself that lying is a lesser evil 보다 throwing far one"s life because that the sake of keeping a spotless document of integrity. This is a somewhat selfish viewpoint, back it"s the just one he can accomodate psychologically. If he gets the prisoners to save their very own lives, his confident self-image will certainly not be marred by your executions.He falls short to completely consider the an unfavorable impact a confession would have on the self-image the the confessor, i m sorry is why nobody responds come his efforts.
Reverend Hale’s purpose in return to Salem is come speak through the condemned prisoners and convince them the they should offer false confessions fairly than martyr themselves.He choose to do this since he is tormented through guilt.When Danforth asks Hale directly why he has actually returned, Hale responds, “Why, the is all simple. I come to do the Devil’s work. I pertained to counsel christians they should belie themselves. Over there is blood on my head! deserve to you not view there is blood on mine head!!” (Act 4 pg. 121). Note that as soon as Hale says he pertains to do "the Devil"s work," that is being sardonic. he knows the what he"s act is technically not befitting the a guy of God, yet he feeling that cultivating lies is much better than the alternate of permitting innocent world to walk to your deaths due to the fact that of him.
He feel responsible because that the way things played out in Salem due to the fact that he to be the initial “expert” referred to as on to investigate the witchcraft rumors in action 1. He lit the fuse by pressuring Abigail come answer top questions around her tasks in the woods (pg. 40), prompting she accusations against Tituba.He then ignored Tituba’s protests the she never dubbed the devil (pg. 41) and also insisted that she name the names of other civilization she’d seen through Him (pg. 44).He had actually all the government in that situation since of his an alleged superior expertise of witchcraft (pg. 37), and he offered it come intimidate civilization into confessing.
This early storm that confessions and ensuing hysteria at some point led to the blame of human being he knew to it is in innocent.He signed seventy-two fatality warrants (pg. 92), including that that Rebecca Nurse, based on what he now believes was false evidence.The only means Hale thinks he can comprise for this is by return to Salem and also convincing the accused to conserve their own lives, even if they have to lie to carry out so.He’d quite advocate lying 보다 be responsible because that the deaths of chaste people.He walk not take into consideration that signing a confession is essentially the same as fatality to someone favor Rebecca Nurse, whose whole identity is based on her integrity and also piousness. Hale is ultimately only looking out for his own peace that mind and also spiritual wellbeing.
Summary:Why has actually Reverend Hale returned to Salem?
Here"s a quick bullet point recap of the answer come this question:Hale returns to Salem to convince the condemned prisoners to confess to witchcraft.He go so due to the fact that he feel responsible because that the legacy of justice that led them to their existing situation.He knows it"s also late for them to it is in pardoned, therefore persuading them to provide false confessions fairly than hang is the best method to clear his own conscience.
So what actually happens in act 4? What does the finishing of the beat mean? check out ours full review of the last act that The Crucible.
If you desire to earlier up a tiny bit to the heightened courtroom drama of action 3, you can likewise read our complete Act 3 summary, finish with an essential quotes and also thematic analyses.
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Another tricky question that come up in The Crucible is why Elizabeth wants John to go to Salem in act 2. Check out our answer and explanation.