Aluminium

aspect 13 of periodic table is Aluminium through atomic number 13, atomic weight 26.981538. Aluminium, symbol Al, has a Face focused Cubic structure and Silver color. Aluminium is a post-transition steel element. Trivial surname of Aluminium is triels, icosagens. Recognize everything around Aluminium Facts, physical Properties, chemistry Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Aluminium (or aluminum; see different endings) is a chemical element in the boron team with symbol Al and atomic number 13. That is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, ductile metal. Aluminium is the third most abundant aspect (after oxygen and silicon), and also the most abundant metal, in the Earth"s crust.

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Aluminium Facts

Read key information and also facts around element Aluminium

name Aluminium
atom Number 13
atomic Symbol Al
Atomic load 26.981538
step Solid
shade Silver
Classification post-transition metal
team in routine Table 13
Group Name boron household
duration in routine Table 3
Block in periodic Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 3s2 3p1
Melting allude 660.32 °C
Boiling allude 2519 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 3>
CAS Number CAS7429-90-5

ar
5
B
6
C
13
Al
14
Si
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

explore our interactive periodic table


How to find Aluminium on regular Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is exact same as number of electrons. The atom number boosts from left to right. Periodic table beginning at height left ( atomic number 1) and ends at bottom best (atomic number 118). As such you can straight look because that atomic number 13 to uncover Aluminium on routine table.

Another means to read regular table and locate an facet is by using team number (column) and period number (row). To find Aluminium on routine table look because that cross ar of group 13 and duration 3 in the contemporary periodic table.

discover Interactive regular Table come Understand and Learn Cool fads

Table the Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare Aluminium with other elements

Aluminium History

The aspect Aluminium was uncovered by nobody in year 1825 in Denmark . Aluminium derived its surname from alumina, a link (originally aluminum)

Aluminium Presence: diversity in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the variety of Aluminium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
variety in universe 5e-05
abundance in sun 6e-05
variety in Meteorites 0.0091
Abundance in Earth"s crust 0.081
abundance in seas 5×10-7%
variety in humans 9e-07

Crystal structure of Aluminium

The solid state framework of Aluminium is Face focused Cubic.

The crystal structure deserve to be defined in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats chin in three dimensional space to kind the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cell is stood for in regards to its lattice parameters, which space the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
404.95 404.95 404.95 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are defined by the set of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the crystal are defined by the principle of space groups. All feasible symmetric species of particles in three-dimensional room are explained by the 230 space groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.

an are Group surname Fm_ 3m
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an are Group Number 225
Crystal structure Face centered Cubic

Aluminium Atomic and Orbital Properties

Aluminium atoms have 13 electrons and the digital shell framework is <2, 8, 3> through Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2.


atomic Number 13
Number of electron (with no charge) 13
Number that Protons 13
Mass Number 27
Number of Neutrons 14
Shell structure (Electrons per power level) <2, 8, 3>
Electron configuration 3s2 3p1
Valence Electrons 3s2 3p1
Oxidation State -2;-1 1;2;3
Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2

Shell structure of Aluminium - electron per energy level


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Ground State electronic Configuration that Aluminium - neutral Aluminium atom

The soil state electronic configuration the Neutral Aluminium atom is 3s2 3p1. The section of Aluminium configuration that is indistinguishable to the noble gas of the coming before period, is abbreviated as . Because that atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation can become an extensive and therefore an abbreviated notation is used.This is vital as it is the Valence electrons 3s2 3p1, electron in the outermost shell that recognize the chemistry properties the the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration that neutral Aluminium

Complete ground state electronic configuration because that the Aluminium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1

Atomic structure of Aluminium

Aluminium atomic radius is 118 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 118 pm.

atom Radius

118 pm (1.18 Å)

Atomic Volume 9.99316222222 cm3
Covalent Radius 118 pm (1.18 Å)
van der Waals Radius N/A
neutron Cross ar 0.233 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum of Aluminium

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Aluminium chemical Properties: Aluminium Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity the Aluminium is 42.5 kJ/mol

Valence 3
Electronegativity 1.61
ElectronAffinity 42.5 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Aluminium

Refer to table listed below for Ionization energies that Aluminium

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 577.5
2 1816.7
3 2744.8
4 11577
5 14842
6 18379
7 23326
8 27465
9 31853
10 38473

Aluminium physical Properties

Refer to listed below table because that Aluminium physics Properties

thickness 2.7 g/cm3
Molar Volume 9.99316222222 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 70 GPa
Shear Modulus 26 GPa
bulk Modulus 76 GPa
Poisson proportion 0.35

Hardness that Aluminium - exam to measure of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness 2.75 MPa
Vickers Hardness 167 MPa
Brinell Hardness 245 MPa

Aluminium electrical Properties

Aluminium is Conductor the electricity. Refer to table below for the electric properties of Aluminium

electric Conductivity 3.8×107 S/m
Resistivity 2.6×10-8 m Ω
Superconducting point 1.175

Aluminium Heat and also Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 235 W/(m K)
Thermal development 0.0000231 K-1

Aluminium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic type Paramagnetic
Curie suggest N/A
massive Magnetic Susceptibility 7.8×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility 2.1×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility 2.11e-05

Optical nature of Aluminium

Refractive index N/A

Acoustic properties of Aluminium

speed of Sound 5.1×103 m/s

Aluminium heat Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer to table below for thermal properties the Aluminium

Melting allude 933.47 K (660.32 °C)
Boiling point 2792 K (2519 °C)
vital Temperature N/A
Superconducting allude 1.175

Enthalpies that Aluminium

warmth of blend 10.7 kJ/mol
warmth of Vaporization 293 kJ/mol
heat of combustion N/A

Aluminium isotopes - atom Properties that Aluminium

Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally emerging Aluminium has 1 steady isotope - 27Al.


Isotope Isotope mass % abundance T fifty percent Decay mode
21Al
22Al
23Al
24Al
25Al
26Al
27Al 100% secure N/A
28Al
29Al
30Al
31Al
32Al
33Al
34Al
35Al
36Al
37Al
38Al
39Al
40Al
41Al
42Al

Regulatory and also Health - Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7429-90-5
RTECS Number RTECSBD0330000
period Hazard course 4.3
dot Numbers 1396
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 1
NFPA risks N/A
NFPA wellness Rating 0
NFPA Reactivity Rating 1
Autoignition allude 400 °C
Flashpoint 645 °C

Database Search

perform of distinctive identifiers to find the facet in various chemical registry databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts company (CAS) CAS7429-90-5
CID Number CID5359268
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSBD0330000

Compare Aluminium with all Group 13 elements

Aluminium vs Boron Aluminium vs Gallium Aluminium vs Indium Aluminium vs Thallium Aluminium vs Nihonium

Compare Aluminium through all post-transition metal elements

Aluminium vs Gallium Aluminium vs Indium Aluminium vs believe Aluminium vs Thallium Aluminium vs command Aluminium vs Bismuth Aluminium vs Nihonium Aluminium vs Flerovium Aluminium vs Moscovium Aluminium vs Livermorium