GCF of 14 and 21 is the largest possible number that divides 14 and 21 exactly without any remainder. The factors of 14 and 21 are 1, 2, 7, 14 and 1, 3, 7, 21 respectively. There are 3 commonly used methods to find the GCF of 14 and 21 - long division, Euclidean algorithm, and prime factorization.

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1.GCF of 14 and 21
2.List of Methods
3.Solved Examples
4.FAQs

Answer: GCF of 14 and 21 is 7.

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Explanation:

The GCF of two non-zero integers, x(14) and y(21), is the greatest positive integer m(7) that divides both x(14) and y(21) without any remainder.


Let's look at the different methods for finding the GCF of 14 and 21.

Long Division MethodListing Common FactorsPrime Factorization Method

GCF of 14 and 21 by Long Division

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GCF of 14 and 21 is the divisor that we get when the remainder becomes 0 after doing long division repeatedly.

Step 2: Since the remainder ≠ 0, we will divide the divisor of step 1 (14) by the remainder (7).Step 3: Repeat this process until the remainder = 0.

The corresponding divisor (7) is the GCF of 14 and 21.

GCF of 14 and 21 by Listing Common Factors

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Factors of 14: 1, 2, 7, 14Factors of 21: 1, 3, 7, 21

There are 2 common factors of 14 and 21, that are 1 and 7. Therefore, the greatest common factor of 14 and 21 is 7.

GCF of 14 and 21 by Prime Factorization

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Prime factorization of 14 and 21 is (2 × 7) and (3 × 7) respectively. As visible, 14 and 21 have only one common prime factor i.e. 7. Hence, the GCF of 14 and 21 is 7.

☛ Also Check:


GCF of 14 and 21 Examples


Example 1: Find the greatest number that divides 14 and 21 exactly.

Solution:

The greatest number that divides 14 and 21 exactly is their greatest common factor, i.e. GCF of 14 and 21.⇒ Factors of 14 and 21:

Factors of 14 = 1, 2, 7, 14Factors of 21 = 1, 3, 7, 21

Therefore, the GCF of 14 and 21 is 7.


Example 2: The product of two numbers is 294. If their GCF is 7, what is their LCM?

Solution:

Given: GCF = 7 and product of numbers = 294∵ LCM × GCF = product of numbers⇒ LCM = Product/GCF = 294/7Therefore, the LCM is 42.


Example 3: For two numbers, GCF = 7 and LCM = 42. If one number is 21, find the other number.

Solution:

Given: GCF (x, 21) = 7 and LCM (x, 21) = 42∵ GCF × LCM = 21 × (x)⇒ x = (GCF × LCM)/21⇒ x = (7 × 42)/21⇒ x = 14Therefore, the other number is 14.


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FAQs on GCF of 14 and 21

What is the GCF of 14 and 21?

The GCF of 14 and 21 is 7. To calculate the greatest common factor of 14 and 21, we need to factor each number (factors of 14 = 1, 2, 7, 14; factors of 21 = 1, 3, 7, 21) and choose the greatest factor that exactly divides both 14 and 21, i.e., 7.

If the GCF of 21 and 14 is 7, Find its LCM.

GCF(21, 14) × LCM(21, 14) = 21 × 14Since the GCF of 21 and 14 = 7⇒ 7 × LCM(21, 14) = 294Therefore, LCM = 42☛ GCF Calculator

What is the Relation Between LCM and GCF of 14, 21?

The following equation can be used to express the relation between LCM and GCF of 14 and 21, i.e. GCF × LCM = 14 × 21.

What are the Methods to Find GCF of 14 and 21?

There are three commonly used methods to find the GCF of 14 and 21.

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By Euclidean AlgorithmBy Long DivisionBy Prime Factorization

How to Find the GCF of 14 and 21 by Long Division Method?

To find the GCF of 14, 21 using long division method, 21 is divided by 14. The corresponding divisor (7) when remainder equals 0 is taken as GCF.

How to Find the GCF of 14 and 21 by Prime Factorization?

To find the GCF of 14 and 21, we will find the prime factorization of the given numbers, i.e. 14 = 2 × 7; 21 = 3 × 7.⇒ Since 7 is the only common prime factor of 14 and 21. Hence, GCF (14, 21) = 7.☛ Prime Number