Butane, additionally known as n-butane or refrigerant 3-11-0, is a largely used organic compound that is offered as petrol blender and organic solvent.

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Formula and structure: The butane chemistry formula is C4H10. The molar massive is 58.12 g/mol. The molecule is the fourth much more simple alkane, developed by 4 carbon atom and also 10 hydrogen atoms, tied by basic bonds CH3CH2CH2CH3. The geometry of the molecule is tetrahedral v all the carbon atom gift sp3 and also having bonds of 109° the angle. Butane additionally has a isomer, dubbed methyl butane v the formula CH3(CH)CH3CH4. Its chemistry structure can be composed as below, in the common representations used for necessary molecules.


Occurrence: Butane is found as arising naturally in the very same well that petroleum. The is found in the type of natural gas. By extract petroleum, that is started a process in which every the fractions and also different products contained in the petroleum room separated into pure compounds. Among the product that this separation is the butane.

Preparation: Butane is not synthesized; that is simply extracted from natural sources.

Physical properties: Butane is a colorless gas. The density of this gas is 2.48 g/mL. The melting allude is -140 °C and the boiling allude is -1 °C. Butane is soluble in water and also in essential solvents. That is likewise used as a organic solvent at short temperatures.

Chemical properties: Butane have the right to be provided in a huge amount the reactions. One of them, that is that is combustion, creating water and carbon dioxide. This reaction is no exclusive of butane, and instead the is very known for all the alkanes.

2 C4H10 + 13 O2 → 8 CO2 + 10 H2O

If oxygen is limited, it will be formed CO instead of CO2.

Butane can likewise be supplied in a really well know industrial reaction to create maleic anhydride:

2 C4H10+ 7 O2 → 2 C2H 2(CO)2O + 8 H2O

Uses: Butane is provided as a component of gasoline and fuel gas. At short temperatures, butane deserve to be supplied in the extraction of fragrances and also in the manufacturing of part chemical compounds together butadiene. In chemical industry, that is used in the manufacturing of fabricated rubber and also other compounds created from petroleum together plastic and also sprays.

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Health results / safety and security hazards: Butane can cause damage because that health. Butane inhalation can reason euphoria, asphyxia and in death. Butane is exceptionally flammable.