What space You make of?

If you look at her hand, what perform you see? the course, you watch skin, which is composed of cells. But what space skin cells made of? choose all life cells, they room made that matter. In fact, all things room made that matter. Matter is anything the takes up space and has mass. Matter, in turn, is made up of chemistry substances. A chemistry substance is a matter that has a definite composition and also the exact same composition throughout. A chemical substance may be either an aspect or a compound.

You are watching: What is the smallest particle of a compound


Structure of one Atom

An atom is the smallest particle of an facet that still has the properties of the element. Every substance is created of atoms. Atoms are extremely small, typically about a ten-billionth that a meter in diameter. However, atoms perform not have well-defined boundaries, as suggested by the atom model shown in number (PageIndex2). An atom is written of many subatomic particles. We will certainly only comment on protons, neutrons, and electrons.

Table (PageIndex1): Subatomic particles fragment Proton ghost Electron
Electric Charge +1 0 -1
Location Nucleus Nucleus Outside the nucleus
Mass 1 amu 1 amu ~0 amu
Figure (PageIndex2): A design of a Carbon atom. Carbon has 6 protons and also 6 neutrons (found in the nucleus). The image likewise shows the 6 electrons external of the nucleus in 2 different orbitals.

If the number of protons and also electrons in an atom space equal, then an atom is electrically neutral because the hopeful and an unfavorable charges cancel out. If one atom has an ext or under electrons than protons, climate it has an overall an adverse or confident charge, respectively, and also it is dubbed an ion.

See more: Never Ending Story Dragon Dog Name, List Of The Neverending Story Characters

The negatively charged electrons of an atom are attracted to the positive charged protons in the cell core by a force dubbed electromagnetic force, because that which opposite dues attract. Electromagnetic force between protons in the nucleus reasons these subatomic corpuscle to repel every other because they have the same charge. However, the protons and also neutrons in the nucleus space attracted to each other by a various force, referred to as nuclear force, i m sorry is usually stronger than the electromagnetic force repelling the positive charged protons from each other.