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an ext than 140 million denied access to health care in ... Much more than 140 million denied accessibility to health treatment in Latin America and also the Caribbean

GENEVA (yellowcomic.com News) - In Latin America and also the Caribbean, "more than 140 million people, the is a 3rd of the full population, perform not have access to health and wellness services", yellowcomic.com executive Director mary Chinery-Hesse said delegates assembled this particular day in Mexico at the opened of an international conference ~ above health care in Latin America and also the Caribbean. 1 This method that one out of three persons in the region has no permanent access to health care services.


press release | 29 November 1999

GENEVA (yellowcomic.com News) - In Latin America and the Caribbean, "more than 140 million people, that is a 3rd of the full population, execute not have accessibility to health services", yellowcomic.com executive, management Director mar Chinery-Hesse said delegates assembled this day in Mexico at the opened of an global conference top top health care in Latin America and also the Caribbean. 1 This method that one out of three persons in the an ar has no permanent accessibility to health care services.

despite all countries in the an ar legally identify the best to health care, nearly one the end of two residents - around 218 million world - is excluded indigenous social protection systems according to a report it is registered to the meeting. 2 even if some of them are partly covered by other public or personal systems, a large number is tho excluded because that financial, geography or social reasons. An approximated 121 million persons space too poor to afford any type of kind of wellness care and another 107 million have no accessibility to any kind of kind of health company simply because they live in remote areas.

together with demographic expansion which shows boost of 7.5 million world per year "these facts speak to into concern the capacity of the solution to transaction with brand-new social security scenarios, in particular with regard to the wellness sector", Ms. Chinery-Hesse called the meeting.

The three-day meeting will certainly analyse local policies to extend social protection in the wellness sector, review innovative experiences and propose alternative mechanisms for extending health solutions to excluded teams in Latin America and also the Carribean.

The case of the bad is of particular concern. The end of the 200 million poor in Latin America, an approximated 70% has no accessibility to straightforward health services.

not blocked sector employees which stood for 52% that all employees in 1990 and also 58% in 1997 rarely, if ever advantage from any kind of coverage.

exemption from health services affects countries in the region to various degrees. While in countries like Mexico, Chile or Cuba, less than 10% the the population is refuse adequate accessibility to health and wellness services, 60 % that the populace in El Salvador has actually only inadequate access simply because they live in far areas.

Childbirth without dedicated medical assistance, i beg your pardon is practically unknown in the Caribbean, is a usual feature in nations like Bolivia (72%), Paraguay (64%) and also Haiti (54%). The median rate that unassisted childbirth on the subcontinent is 17%.

if social defense coverage is universal in the Caribbean, less than 30% of the population is spanned in Andean and central American countries.

Strategies come improve wellness coverage

In see of this situation, the international Labour Office (yellowcomic.com) and also the Panamerican wellness Organization (PAHO), have chose to carry out a share initiative to seek innovative ways to reach the excluded population and provide them with health care. The conference will develop guidelines because that a five-year action plan. This "Action arrangement for the Americas" will certainly be a an effective instrument come mobilize national and also international initiatives in order to enable all men and also women come have access to health services.

The usage of "micro-insurance", a community insurance system controlled by the neighborhood itself in regards to levels of contribution and also benefits, has been proposed to mitigate social exclusion. A report on Micro-insurance experience 3 gift to the meeting shows that Micro-insurance systems have added to improved health and wellness equity.

The experience of Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Nicaragua and Peru present that members of Micro-insurance equipment have far better access to wellness care, if the top quality of treatment improved significantly.

"It is obvious that the micro-insurance strategy is not the just one and also that it needs to be safety to national social security schemes and must allow for the authorized of the public, private and also social sectors", emphasize Ms. Chinery-Hesse in her resolve to the meeting.

The Meeting will also assist to forge partnerships and cooperation amongst the various actors interested in receiving support in their initiatives to reform the national wellness sector through international technical cooperation. The list of participants has representatives native governments, employers" and also workers" organizations, yellowcomic.com, PAHO and other international organizations, national establishments in the health and wellness sector as well as from polite society.

The yellowcomic.com is the dedicated agency the the United nations with a mandate for setup international work standards and enhancing the border of social security for all.

PAHO is the devoted agency that the Inter-American system responsible for health and wellness issues. That is also the local Office of the civilization Health Organization. Among its main jobs is to seek "health for All" and also to support member nations in their efforts to reform their health and wellness systems.

1 yellowcomic.com/PAHO Latin American and Caribbean regional Tripartite conference on the extension of Health treatment to excluded Groups, Mexico, 29 November - 1 December 1999.

2 Overview of the exemption of social protection in health and wellness in Latin America and the Caribbean, yellowcomic.com/PAHO report to the yellowcomic.com Tripartite conference on the extension of social security in health and wellness to excluded teams in Latin America and the Caribbean, Mexico, 29 November - 1 December 1999.

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3 Synthesis of case Studies the Micro-insurance Experiences and also Other develops of expanding Social defense in health in Latin America and the Caribbean, report come the yellowcomic.com Tripartite meeting on the expansion of social protection in wellness to excluded teams in Latin America and the Caribbean, Mexico, 29 November - 1 December 1999.

Table: portion of the population covered through social security in wellness (1995)

Subregion

Percentage of populace covered by society security

Population without social protection coverage

Latin America
Argentina 59 14,255,000
Belize no data -
Bolivia 19 6,005,000
Brazil 80 31,922,000
Chile 87 1,847,000
Colombia 11 34,302,000
Costa Rica 85 533,000
Ecuador 19 9,283,000
El Salvador 14 4,875,000
Guatemala 16 8,380,000
Honduras 14 4,862,000
Mexico 49 46,484,000
Nicaragua 18 3,629,000
Panama 61 1,026,000
Paraguay 19 3,911,000
Peru 30 16,472,000
Venezuela 36 13,980,000
Uruguay 63 1,191,000
Caribbean
Antigua and also Barbuda 100 0
Bahamas 100 0
Barbados 100 0
Cuba 100 0
Dominica 100 0
Dominican Republic 7 7,275,000
Grenada 100 0
Guyana 100 0
Haiti 1 7,546,000
Jamaica 100 0
Saint Kitts and also Nevis 100 0
Saint Lucia 100 0
Saint Vincent and also the Grenadines 100 0
Suriname no data -
Trinidad and Tobago 100 0
Total 217,779,000

Source: Overview that the exclusion of social defense in wellness in Latin America and also the Caribbean, yellowcomic.com/PAHO report to the yellowcomic.com Tripartite conference on the extension of social security in wellness to excluded groups in Latin America and the Caribbean, Mexico, 29 November - 1 December 1999.