Location background Climate pets Plants PeopleNorthern Lights and the Midnight Sun

The native Arctic Circle may scare some, particularly those that aren’t fond the the cold. However, the Arctic has actually a lot an ext going on than simply a frigid, barren landscape. Nothing confuse it with its (literal) polar opposite, the Antarctic. The Arctic is surrounded by ocean and masses of land, vice versa, the Antarctic is surrounded by nothing yet stormy seas and also ice (and penguins!). The Arctic is teeming v life – human, plant and also animal (well, a couple of humans, anyway). The Arctic additionally experiences a summer and also is not repeatedly shrouded in ice and snow. The Arctic Circle is composed of part amazing and also beautiful surprises.

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Artic Cicle Highlights


Pictures in order left to right, top to bottom:Wild Musk Ox; Aurora Borealis viewing; Trans-Alaska pipeline in fall; Caribou close to Prudhoe Bay; Dalton Highway & Pipeline phibìc of the Brooks Range. Midnight Sun close to the Arctic Ocean.


LOCATION

The many northerly the the five major circles of latitude spans around 7,700,000 square miles, around 4% that the Earth’s surface. The Arctic Circle passes through northern America, Greenland, north Asia, the Scandinavian Peninsula, and also the Arctic Ocean. Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, the United says (Alaska), Canada, Denmark (Greenland), and also Iceland are the 8 countries containing land in the Arctic Circle. The Arctic Circle’s latitude relies on the Earth’s axial tilt, which way it’s position is no fixed. The Earth’s axial tilt fluctuates within 2 degrees over a 40,000 year period. This fluctuation is present because of tidal forces resulting indigenous the orbit that the moon. As a result, the Arctic circle is gradually drifting northwards at about 49ft (15m) every year.



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Arctic Circle from Fairbanks, Alaska
HISTORY

The Arctic has actually severe climate conditions, but that hasn’t stopped people from inhabiting the area.

– 10,000 year ago: people began developing arctic land, gift the an initial natives that the region. Native then until the 15th century, this northern country was mostly consisted of of hunters and also gatherers through no centralization or hierarchy.

-15th Century: an initial wave that European emigration began. Norway, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, and also Russia started moving towards the north.

-16th Century: europe expansion starts in the Americas. Gold and also riches lured the British and also French come explore. European traders exported furs to Europe.

-1867: Russian empire sells Alaska to America

-Present: The Arctic one is house to around 4 million people along with various polar stations and meteorological centers, big and modern-day cities, large industrial enterprises, and sea and land transfer routes.
CLIMATE

Long, cold winters and also short, cool summers are qualities of the Arctic climate. Sea ice, glacial ice, or snow covers some components if the Arctic year round, and almost every one of the Arctic experiences long periods of the year with some kind of surface ice. Winter temperatures deserve to drop listed below -58° F (-50° C) ,and summer temperatures have the right to occasionally exceed 86° F (30° C). Now, the Arctic is marked as the climatic laboratory for the rest of the planet.


ANIMALS

The Arctic one is whereby polar bears, Arctic foxes, wolves and reindeer deserve to be found, and also various types of birds such together snowy owls, fully eagles and those ever-so-charming puffins (no penguins!). The Arctic Ocean offers a house for various species of whales, seals, walruses, fish and plankton.


PLANTS

Although the Arctic is periodically thought of together a place devoid of life, end 20,000 types of plants, animals, fungi, and also microorganisms do the Arctic home. Vegetation contains grasses, sedges, polar poppies, willow shrubs, dwarf birch, lichens, liverworts, and also mosses. In some places like the Chukotka Peninsula and also Wrangle Island, 40 species of plants and animals aren’t uncovered anywhere else on the planet.


PEOPLE

The native world who inhabit the Arctic differ throughout the countries consisted of in the Arctic Circle. There space members that the Athabaskan language family members who live in Alaska and Canada, the Inuit and Inupiat. The Russian North has the Komi, the Sakha and also the Karelians. A group dubbed the Saami live in the phibìc of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. These civilization still rely upon and utilize the land and also sea for food and for clothing. Barrow is the many populated and northernmost city the Alaska with a populace of roughly 4,500.


NORTHERN LIGHTS and also THE MIDNIGHT SUN

Due come the place of the Arctic one on the planet, summer is a time of numerous light; and also on the night the the northern summer solstice, component of the sun might be seen over the horizon at midnight! Darkness is a law in the Arctic, as well. As the sunlight starts setting again and also the nights flourish dark, depending upon solar activity, the northern Lights or Aurora Borealis might light up the sky with breathtaking activity of color.


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ARTIC CIRCLE rapid FACTS

What is the Arctic Circle? An imaginary line encircling the earth, This line is situated at latitude 66 33′ North. In the Arctic Circle, the sunlight does not set on summer solstice (June 20 or 21) and is walk not increase on winter solstice (December 21 or 22). The father phibìc you travel, over there are an ext days with 24-hour sunlight during the summer months or 24-hour darkness in the winter months. In ~ the phibìc Pole, the sunlight does not set for 180 days.

“Arctic” originates from the work “arktikos”, the Greek word because that bear. The reason is the Ursa Major, the an excellent Bear constellation is regarded in the northern sky.

The Arctic Circle point out the region above which, because that at least 1 job a year, there is all day sunshine in the summer and 24-hours of darkness in the winter.

The shortest temperature tape-recorded in the Arctic is -68C (-90.4F) in Siberia

Antarctica is colder than the Arctic. The lowest recorded temperature to be -89.2C (128.6F).

The Arctic ocean covers 5.4 million square miles, i m sorry is much more than the area that Europe.

The line of the Arctic one is about 1,650 miles southern of the north Pole.

Grey whales migrate 12,500 indigenous the Arctic to Mexico and earlier every year.

Eight countries extend into the Arctic: Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, Canada and the USA (Alaska).

Mainland Iceland is actually listed below the Arctic however the icelandic island the Grimsey lies precisely on the Arctic Circle.

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If all of the ice in the Arctic melted, the worldwide sea level would certainly rise about 24 feet. If every one of the ice cream in Antarctica melted, sea levels would rise about 200 feet.