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Regions are a highly contested yet critical concept in the examine of human geography and can be studied as they relate to space, place, and location. Regions permit us come generalize around a typical characteristic so us can far better group them. Human geography is no just concerned with describing social patterns, however with assessing how lock came about and their meaning.

Five Themes of Geography

A research of location does not only involve learning where to discover a variety of people and also places ~ above a map. The is simply as vital for you, together a geographer, to understand why you uncover those people in that particular place, and how those places affect their lives, your neighbor’s lives, and your life. You have the right to use the five themes of geography as a means to understand geographic information so friend can much better appreciate cultural and ecological changes roughly the world.

The 5 themes of location are:

LocationHuman/environmental interactionsRegionsPlaceMovement

A an ar is one area top top the earth determined by two typical characteristics: physical and also political geography. Physical regions are attributes such as deserts, mountains, and also lakes. Human-kind defines political areas by creating political borders like the borders of countries.

Why room Regions important to human being Geographers?

Standard federal regions.

You are watching: What would be an example of a formal region?

In geography, a an ar is a part of the planet defined by a level the similarity based on specific features. Regions are areas that share both human and physical characteristics. A region is what links places together using any factor that you, as the human geographer, choose. Those components are usual traits such as culture, political system, spiritual beliefs, language or physics features. Regions deserve to be mapped and also studied. Where chroniclers group events in an era together “periods”, geographers group areas spatially right into “regions”.

Regions of the world can and do overlap such together the areas of south-east Asia and also Asia. Regions also have transitional limits like between North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa. Some regions are based on culture (language or religion), while physical geography specifies others. Over there is not complete agreement, however, among geographers on just how all regions are defined. One geographer may ar Chad in the an ar of north Africa, and also another would classify Chad as component of main Africa. Geographers will likewise use two various terms to define the very same area; the middle East and Southwest Asia, because that example.

What room the Different varieties of Regions?

Now that we understand that a an ar is one area the shares both human and also physical characteristics, let’s look in ~ the three varieties of areas in geography. Formal, functional and also perceptual regions comprise the three classifications of regions offered to organize facility ideas into simpler divisions. This three varieties of areas are of attention to geographers, engineers, and cartographers.

Formal (Uniform) region

A formal an ar is one area v a high level of consistency in a certain cultural or physical attribute. Formal areas are uniform or homogeneous areas where everyone in that region shares common characteristics or traits prefer language, climate or politics system. Formal areas are primarily used to determine and also outline political, cultural and financial regions. It also can be described as any type of geographic place with plainly delineated boundaries whose area is established, and there is no disagreement end the area a formal region occupies.

Functional (Nodal) an ar

A functional an ar in location is one area focused on a node, focal point, or central hub surrounded by interconnecting linkages. The primary node in a functional region features surrounding locations with usual social, political, or economic purposes the relate come trade, communications, or transportation. In various other words, a functional an ar has a certain collection of activities or interactions that occur within it, organized roughly a center node or focal length point. The main node likewise has a sphere of economic and social affect that is less noticeable in areas much more removed native it.

A functional region, because that example, deserve to be a region that is organized around something central, such as a city. The circulation of its solutions is minimal to a certain area, i beg your pardon is its functional or key nodal region. Other examples of a functional an ar could it is in the bank of America or FedEx.

Perceptual (Vernacular) region

A perceptual or vernacular an ar is identified by feelings and also prejudices that may or might not be true. The can likewise be an idea of a person’s psychological map. It deserve to be perceived as how people think about or consciousness a region based on determinants that might not reflect the truth, such together the holy bible Belt or Hillbilly region. When labeling perceptual regions, there room common assumptions made around the ar or people.

For example, if friend say, “this town is life in the past, and also there room no task opportunities” the points come a perceptual region. One more person might see the very same place entirely differently. They can say, “there are chances for growth, and new business avenues in this town”. A perceptual an ar does not exist in the literal sense, and the region it inhabits is not explicitly defined. Geographers frequently differ on the ar of a provided perceptual region, that is dependent entirely upon personal perspective and also based top top opinion quite than fact. Perceptual areas may, in some cases, contradict facts or regions developed by geographers.

What carry out you think of once you listen the phrase “Little Italy”? What words, unit volume or psychological images pertained to mind? how you awareness that expression helps you recognize perceptual regions.

FRQ 3: The region is a highly challenged yet an important concept in the examine of human geography. What is a an ar and why is it vital to human geographers? list three varieties of regions, specify them and also list an instance of each.

Sample Answer: A region is what links places with each other using any kind of parameter the geographer chooses. Three species of regions are formal, vernacular, and also functional. Formal areas are uniform. Everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristic. An instance would it is in the Mid West being taken into consideration the Corn Belt since corn is their distinctive characteristic. Vernacular areas are perceptual. They are a place that people think exists as component of their cultural identity. An instance would be people thinking the sweet tea once they think of “the South”. Functional regions space nodal. They space an area organized about a focal length point. They room tied come that central point through transportation, economics, or communication systems. An instance would it is in the area that Tampa that receives the Tampa Tribune.


The region outlined over contains distribution destinations served by united Trucking. Which of the following classifications ideal fits this region?

A. Functional

B. Formal

C. Vernacular

D. Mental


Correct Answer:

(A) A functional an ar consists that a node and the places attached to that main point v some kind of movement. In this situation the region is created by the activity of unified Trucking’s services to client in the areas within the borders shown in the diagram. (B) describes a ar with a uniform trait, such as language, current throughout the area. (C), (D), and also (E) explain regions favor the holy bible Belt or the southern in the unified States—regions through boundaries marked by people’s concepts rather than overtly measurable characteristics.

Wrapping up Regions


Check the end our other short articles on AP Human Geography.

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