The Visual facets are Line, Shape, Tone, Color, Pattern, Texture and Form. They space the structure blocks of composition in art.

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PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973) "Jacinta Salvado together a Harlequin", 1923 (oil ~ above canvas)


The intuitive Elements space Line - Shape - Tone - Color - Pattern - Texture - Form. They are the structure blocks of composition in art. Once we analyse any type of drawing, painting, sculpture or design, we examine these component components to see exactly how they integrate to create the overall effect of the artwork.

The Visual facets have a partnership to one another:

most images start their life as line drawings.

Lines cross end one an additional to type shapes.

Shapes can be filled with tone and also color, or repeated to produce pattern.

A shape may be rendered through a rough surface ar to develop a texture.

A shape might be projected right into three dimensions to create form.

Each that the elements may additionally be provided individually to stress and anxiety their own details character in one artwork.

Different aspects can express features such together movement and rhythm, room and depth, growth and also structure, harmony and also contrast, noise and calm and also a wide selection of emotions that consist of the subjects of an excellent art.


The Visual aspects - Line


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LEONARDO DA VINCI (1452-1519) A examine for one Equestrian Monument, 1488 (metalpoint ~ above blue paper)


Line is the foundation of all drawing. That is the first and most versatile of the visual aspects of art. Line in an artwork have the right to be used in plenty of different ways. It have the right to be used to indicate shape, pattern, form, structure, growth, depth, distance, rhythm, movement and also a selection of emotions.

We have actually a psychological solution to different species of lines:

Curved lines imply comfort and also ease

Horizontal lines imply distance and also calm

Vertical lines suggest height and strength

Jagged lines suggest turmoil and anxiety

The way we attract a line deserve to convey different expressive qualities:

Freehand lines deserve to express the an individual energy and also mood that the artist

Mechanical lines can express a strictly control

Continuous lines have the right to lead the eye in specific directions

Broken lines can express the ephemeral or the insubstantial

Thick lines have the right to express strength

Thin lines deserve to express delicacy

Great artworks that function the usage of line.


The Visual elements - Shape


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FRANCIS CAMPBELL BOILEAU CADELL (1883-1937) The Blue Fan, 1922 (oil ~ above canvas)


Shape deserve to be herbal or man-made, consistent or irregular, flat (2-dimensional) or solid (3-dimensional), representational or abstract, geometric or organic, transparent or opaque, optimistic or negative, decorate or symbolic, colored, patterned or textured.

The view of Shapes: The angles and also curves that shapes appear to adjust depending on ours viewpoint. The an approach we use to describe this adjust is referred to as perspective drawing.

The behaviour of Shapes:

Shapes can be used to manage your feeling in the composition of an artwork

Squares and also Rectangles have the right to portray strength and stability

Circles and Ellipses have the right to represent consistent movement

Triangles deserve to lead the eye in an increase movement

Inverted triangle can develop a feeling of imbalance and tension

Great artworks that feature the use of shape.


The Visual aspects - Tone


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JOHANNES VERMEER (1632-1675) Girl through the Pearl Earring, 1665 (oil ~ above canvas)


Tone is the lightness or darkness the a color. The tonal values of one artwork have the right to be changed to transform its expressive character.

Tone can be used:

to develop a comparison of light and also dark.

to create the illusion that form.

to produce a dramatic or serene atmosphere.

to develop a feeling of depth and also distance.

to create a rhythm or pattern within a composition.

Great artworks that attribute the use of tone.


The Visual elements - Color


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WASSILY KANDINSKY (1866-1944) loss Landscape v Boats, 1908 (oil ~ above board)


Color is the visual aspect that has actually the strongest effect on ours emotions. Us use shade to create the atmosphere or environment of an artwork.

There are many different approaches to the usage of color:

Color together light

shade as tone

shade as pattern

color as form

shade as symbol

color as movement

color as harmony

shade as contrast

shade as mood

Great artworks that function the usage of color.


The Visual elements - Pattern


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PAUL KLEE (1879-1940) Dream City, 1921 (warercolor and also oil)


Pattern is make by repeating or echoing the aspects of an artwork to interact a sense of balance, harmony, contrast, rate or movement.

There space two an easy types of pattern in art: herbal Pattern and Man-Made Pattern. Both natural and also man-made patterns can be continuous or irregular, essential or geometric, structural or decorative, confident or an adverse and repeating or random.

Natural Pattern: sample in arts is often based upon the motivation we gain from observing the natural patterns that take place in nature. We deserve to see these in the form of a leaf and the branches the a tree, the framework of a crystal, the spiral of a shell, the symmetry of a snowflake and also the camouflage and signalling trends on animals, fish and insects.

Man-Made Pattern: pattern in arts is used for both structural and also decorative purposes. Because that example, an artist may setup the basic structure of one artwork by producing a compositional pattern of lines and also shapes. Within that composition he/she may construct its visual elements to produce a more decorative sample of color, tone and texture throughout the work.

Great artworks that feature the usage of pattern.


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JAN van HUYSUM (1682-1747) information of ostrich of flower in an Urn, 1724 (oil on canvas)


Texture is the surface high quality of an artwork - the roughness or smoothness of the product from which the is made. We suffer texture in two ways: optically (through sight) and physically (through touch).

Optical Texture: an artist may use his/her sent painting technique to create the illusion the texture. Because that example, in the information from a classic Dutch tho life above you deserve to see remarkable verisimilitude (the illustration of being real) in the painted insects and drops of moisture on the silky surface of the flower petals.

Physical Texture: one artist may paint through expressive brushstrokes who texture conveys the physical and emotional power of both the artist and also his/her subject. Lock may also use the organic texture of their materials to indicate their very own unique characteristics such as the grain of wood, the grittiness the sand, the flaking of rust, the coarseness of cloth and the smear of paint.

it s not long Texture: This is a 3rd category that textures who fleeting develops are subject to readjust like clouds, smoke, flames, bubbles and also liquids.

Great artworks that attribute the use of texture.


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IGOR MITORAJ (1944-2014) Tindaro Screpolato (Tyndareus Cracked), 1998 (bronze)


Form is the physical volume of a shape and also the an are that that occupies.

Form deserve to be representational or abstract. Form typically refers to sculpture, 3D design and architecture yet may additionally relate to the illusion that 3D on a 2D surface.

Three-Dimensional type can it is in modelled (added form), carved (subtracted form) and constructed (built form). It have the right to be developed from sculptural materials like clay, wax, plaster, wood, stone, concrete, cast and constructed metal, plastics, resins, glass and mixed media. The may also be kinetic, including light and also movement produced by natural, mechanical and electronic means. Much more recently the CAD procedure of 3D printing has be been added to the perform of sculptural processes.

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Two-Dimensional form constructs the illusion of 3D in 2D media by a skilful manipulation the the intuitive elements. View drawing, trompe l"oeil <1>, 3D computer system graphics programs and also holograms are examples of 2D form.