Learning Objective

Exordinary the vital attributes of Augustus’s reign and the reasons for its successes

Key Points

Following the assassicountry of his maternal great-uncle Julius Caesar in 44 BCE, Caesar’s will certainly called Octavian as his adopted son and heir when Octavian was just 19 years old.By ingratiating himself through his father’s legions, Octavian was able to meet the armed forces demands of the Roman Senate. He quickly got both power and prestige and also formed the 2nd Triumviprice via Antony and also Lepidus in 43 BCE.By 31 BCE, Octavian had emerged as the single ruler of Rome, upon the political and also army defeat of the two various other triumvirs.

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Mark Antony

Julius Caesar’s appropriate hand man, and a member of the Second Triumvirate. He was inevitably defeated by Octavian at the Battle of Actium in 31 BCE.


The founder of the Roguy Empire, known as Octavian in the time of his at an early stage years and also during his increase to power.

Augustus is related to by many scholars as the founder and first emperor of the Romale Empire. He ruled from 27 BCE till his death in 14 CE.

Rise to Power

Augustus was born Gaius Octavius, and also in his at an early stage years was recognized as Octavian. He was from an old and well-off equestrian branch of the plebeian Octavii family. Following the assassicountry of his maternal great-uncle, Julius Caesar, in 44 BCE, Caesar’s will certainly named Octavian as his adopted child and also heir once Octavian was only 19 years old. The young Octavian conveniently took advantage of the case and ingratiated himself with both the Romale human being and his adoptive father’s legions, thereby elevating his standing and prominence within Rome. Octavian discovered Mark Antony, Julius Caesar’s former colleague and the current consul of Rome, in an uneasy truce through Caesar’s assassins, who had actually been granted basic amnesty for their component in the plot. Nonethemuch less, Antony ultimately thrived in driving many of them out of Rome, using Caesar’s eulogy as an chance to mount public opinion versus the assassins.

Mark Antony began amassing political support, and also Octavian set around rivaling it. At some point, many kind of Caesarian sympathizers started to watch Octavian as the lesser evil of the two. Octavian allied himself through optimate factions, despite their opplace to Caesar when he was alive. The optimate orator, Marcus Tullius Cicero, started attacking Antony in a series of speeches, depicting him as a hazard to the republican order of Rome. As public opinion versus him placed, Antony fresulted in Cisalpine Gaul at the finish of his consular year.

Octavian further establiburned himself both politically and militarily in the complying with months. He was asserted a senator and granted the power of military command, imperium, in 43 BCE, and was even more able to leverage his successes to achieve the vacant consulships left by the 2 beat consuls of that year.

Octavian inevitably reached an unsimple truce with Mark Antony and Marcus Lepidus in October 43 BCE, and together, the 3 developed the Second Triumvirate to defeat the assassins of Caesar. Following their victory against Brutus at Phillipi, the Triumvirate divided the Roguy Republic among themselves and ruled as army dictators. Relations within the Triumvirate were strained as the various members sought higher political power. Civil battle between Antony and Octavian was averted in 40 BCE, when Antony married Octavian’s sister, Octavia Minor. In spite of his marriage, Antony continued a love affair through Cleopatra, the previous lover of Caesar and also queen of Egypt, additionally straining political ties to Rome. Octavian supplied Antony’s relationship with Cleopatra to his very own benefit, depicting Antony as less committed to Rome. With Lepidus expelled in 36 BCE, the Triumvirate lastly broke down in the year 33. Finally, arguments between Octavian and Antony erupted right into civil battle in the year 31 BCE.

The Roguy Senate, at Octavian’s direction, declared battle on Cleopatra’s routine in Egypt and also prodeclared Antony a traitor. Antony was defeated by Octavian at the naval Battle of Actium the exact same year. Defeated, Antony fled through Cleopatra to Alexandria where they both committed self-destruction. With Antony dead, Octavian was left as the undisputed understand of the Roguy world. Octavian would certainly assume the title Augustus, and regime as the initially Roman Emperor.

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Augustus of Prima Porta. The statue of Augustus of Prima Porta is possibly one of the ideal known imperiods of the Emperor Augustus. It portrays the emperor as perpetually youthful, and also depicts many of the vital propaganda messeras that Augustus put forth during his time as emperor.