Guiding Question

Why do liquids evaporate at different rates?

Introduction

Have you ever had a sunburn or high fever? If so, you may have used rubbing alcohol to help cool your skin. The alcohol works because it evaporates quickly and lowers skin temperature. The evaporation of a volatile liquid is an endothermic process that results in a temperature decrease. The magnitude of temperature decrease is related to the strength of intermolecular forces of attraction. Rate of evaporation can be described as the change in temperature divided by the time it takes to reach the lowest temperature


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In this experiment, you will investigate factors that determine the strength of intermolecular forces by determining the rate of evaporation for a series of volatile liquids.

Goals

As you complete this investigation you will:
Use a molecular model kit to build a model to describe the attractive forces between these molecules.

Getting Started

Use the Molecular Model kit to make models of each of the compounds that will be studied in Investigation 1 and consider the following questions as well as those in the PreLab activity.

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Report

Once you have completed your research, you will need to prepare an investigation report that consists of three sections. This report may require more than 2 pages with data tables. This report must be typed and any diagrams, figures, or tables should be embedded into the document. Section 1: What concept were you investigating, and how does it relate to the guiding question? Why do liquids evaporate at different rates? Describe and compare the relevant types of intermolecular forces and how they would impact evaporation rates.Section 2: How did you go about your work and why did you conduct your investigation in this way? Specifically, why measure temperature to find the rate of evaporation?Section 3: What is your argument? Consider what molecular variables you think affect the evaporation rates of liquids? Relate your data to intermolecular forces. Try graphing evaporation rate vs. molecular weight for the alcohol series to visualize your conclusion. Compare the evaporation rate of molecules with similar molecular structures. Use all your data.This third section is where you not only present your data, but use the values you obtain as evidence in your reasoning. Statements like, "see data table for values" are not acceptable!