You are watching: Why does achilles refuse to fight
In publication 1 that the Iliad , Agamemnon is compelled to return the girl Chryseis to her father, a priest of Apollo, in bespeak to end a mysterious torment that has been afflicting the Greek army. Agamemnon is resentful about losing his “prize,” and also when Achilles do the efforts to reason with...
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In book 1 of the Iliad, Agamemnon is compelled to return the girl Chryseis to her father, a monk of Apollo, in stimulate to end a mysterious plague that has been afflicting the Greek army. Agamemnon is resentful about losing his “prize,” and also when Achilles tries to reason with him, Agamemnon lashes out and declares the Achilles must also lose his prize, the girl Briseis. Achilles bristles in ~ Agamemnon’s behaviour and an argument ensues, through the end of i beg your pardon both men are so angry the Achilles decides come quit the battlefield and go residence with all his soldiers. Agamemnon has actually insulted Achilles’s honour, i beg your pardon was very serious thing in ancient Greek culture. It would certainly take equally serious steps on Agamemnon’s instead of to repair the damage he has actually done by publicly violation Achlles, and also Achilles is no willing to accept any apologies Agamemnon makes.
Achilles is, the course, the pre-eminent soldier in the Greek army, so as soon as he quits the battlefield, the Greeks shed their benefit against the Trojans. Patroclus is grieved to see just how badly the Greeks space losing, and also begs Achilles to let him walk out and also fight with them while wearing Achilles’s armour, to offer the Greeks the impression the Achilles has actually come earlier to aid them. Achilles reluctantly agrees, yet is anxious that something will happen to Patroclus. Once Patroclus is killed by Hector, Achilles’s rage and also grief journey him come avenge his friend’s death. He makes the suggest to Agamemnon that he is no returning come fight because that Agamemnon’s sake, but in order to avenge Patroclus.
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It’s essential to state that Achilles is distinctive in his ability to do this. The rest of the Greek leaders to be all as soon as suitors the Helen, the wife of Menelaus. As soon as they to be trying to success her hand in marriage, Helen’s father, Tyndareus, made every the suitors swear one oath to assistance Helen’s husband in the event that Helen was ever kidnapped. The rest of the Greek leader are because of this honour-bound to assistance Menelaus (and his brother, Agamemnon) in the war to retrieve Helen from Troy. Achilles, however, was never ever one the Helen’s suitors – the only reason that is existing at trojan is due to the fact that it is his fate to die a glorious fatality in battle. When Agamemnon insults him, the is because of this able to walk away from the battlefield, due to the fact that he has actually no responsibility to fight.